Introduction: We previously reported that simvastatin and enamel matrix derivative (EMD) have a dentinogenic effect. However, there is little information about the combined effects of these 2 agents on odontoblastic differentiation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of combined treatment with simvastatin and EMD on odontoblastic differentiation of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs). This study further explored the role of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) as a target and mediator of the differentiation induced by simvastatin in hDPCs. Methods: The odontoblastic differentiation was analyzed by alkaline phosphatase activity, real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for odontoblastic/osteoblastic markers (ie, dentin sialophosphoprotein, dentin matrix protein 1, and osteonectin), and alizarin red S staining. We also explored the role of ERK signaling as a mediator of simvastatin by Western blotting and real-time PCR. The expression of osteoblast-specific transcription factors was detected by reverse-transcription PCR. Results: The alkaline phosphatase activity and the expression of odontoblastic markers (ie, dentin sialophosphoprotein and dentin matrix protein 1) increased in simvastatin/EMD-treated cells. Mineralized nodule formation increased in EMD- and simvastatin/EMD-treated cells. Notably, the combined use of both simvastatin and EMD resulted in more potent differentiation than that observed after a single therapy. Simvastatin activated ERK phosphorylation and treatment with ERK inhibitor blocked the messenger RNA expression of odontoblastic markers. However, in simvastatin/EMD-treated cells, the expression of these genes did not decrease significantly. Compared with other groups, the EMD- and simvastatin/EMD-treated group showed a greater expression of osterix. Conclusions: Simvastatin promotes odontoblastic differentiation of hDPCs via the ERK signaling pathway. In addition, simvastatin-induced differentiation is facilitated by co-treatment with EMD. Collectively, these results suggest a new strategy to induce odontoblastic differentiation of hDPCs.
Combined effects of simvastatin and enamel matrix derivative on odontoblastic differentiation of human dental pulp cells / L. Karanxha, S. Park, W. Son, J.E. Nör, K. Min. - In: JOURNAL OF ENDODONTICS. - ISSN 0099-2399. - 39:1(2013), pp. 76-82.
|Titolo:||Combined effects of simvastatin and enamel matrix derivative on odontoblastic differentiation of human dental pulp cells|
KARANXHA, LORENA (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||combination; enamel matrix derivative; extracellular signal-regulated kinase; odontoblastic; simvastatin; alkaline phosphatase; anthraquinones; butadienes; calcification, physiologic; cell culture techniques; cell differentiation; cell survival; coloring agents; core binding factor alpha 1 subunit; dental enamel proteins; dental pulp; enzyme inhibitors; extracellular matrix proteins; extracellular signal-regulated MAP kinases; humans; hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors; MAP kinase signaling system; nitriles; odontoblasts; osteoblasts; osteonectin; phosphoproteins; phosphorylation; sialoglycoproteins; simvastatin; transcription factors; dentistry (all)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche|
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2012.10.013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|