Schwann cells' (SCs) development and maturation require coordinate and complementary interaction among several signals and intracellular pathways. Among factors controlling these processes, the signalling intermediates Src tyrosine kinase and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) are relevant for SCs' fate, participating in regulation of SC adhesion, motility and migration. Recently, the progesterone metabolite allopregnanolone (ALLO) was proved to be synthesized by SCs, whereas it acts autocrinally on SC motility and proliferation, which are crucial processes for nerve development, maturation and regeneration. Herein, we investigate the hypothesis that the molecular mechanisms behind the ALLO's action on SCs involve the signalling intermediates Src and FAK. We first demonstrated that ALLO 10(-6) M regulates SCs morphology, motility and myelination, also increasing the internode distance in the in vitro myelination model of neuron/SCs co-culture. ALLO's actions were mediated by the modulation of Src/FAK pathway, since they were counteracted by PP2 10(-5) M, a selective inhibitor of Src kinases. Then, we proved that Src/FAK activation in SCs involves GABA-A dependent mechanisms and actin re-arrangements. In conclusion, our findings are the first to corroborate the importance of the neuroactive steroid ALLO in regulating SCs development and maturation via the Src and phospho-FAK signalling activation.

Src and phospho-FAK kinases are activated by allopregnanolone promoting Schwann cells' motility, morphology and myelination / S. Melfi, M.M. Montt Guevara, V. Bonalume, M. Ruscica, A. Colciago, T. Simoncini, V. Magnaghi. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0022-3042. - 141:2(2017), pp. 165-178. [10.1111/jnc.13951]

Src and phospho-FAK kinases are activated by allopregnanolone promoting Schwann cells' motility, morphology and myelination

S. Melfi
Primo
;
V. Bonalume;M. Ruscica;A. Colciago;V. Magnaghi
Ultimo
2017

Abstract

Schwann cells' (SCs) development and maturation require coordinate and complementary interaction among several signals and intracellular pathways. Among factors controlling these processes, the signalling intermediates Src tyrosine kinase and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) are relevant for SCs' fate, participating in regulation of SC adhesion, motility and migration. Recently, the progesterone metabolite allopregnanolone (ALLO) was proved to be synthesized by SCs, whereas it acts autocrinally on SC motility and proliferation, which are crucial processes for nerve development, maturation and regeneration. Herein, we investigate the hypothesis that the molecular mechanisms behind the ALLO's action on SCs involve the signalling intermediates Src and FAK. We first demonstrated that ALLO 10(-6) M regulates SCs morphology, motility and myelination, also increasing the internode distance in the in vitro myelination model of neuron/SCs co-culture. ALLO's actions were mediated by the modulation of Src/FAK pathway, since they were counteracted by PP2 10(-5) M, a selective inhibitor of Src kinases. Then, we proved that Src/FAK activation in SCs involves GABA-A dependent mechanisms and actin re-arrangements. In conclusion, our findings are the first to corroborate the importance of the neuroactive steroid ALLO in regulating SCs development and maturation via the Src and phospho-FAK signalling activation.
myelin; neuroactive steroid; peripheral nervous system
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/467150
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