Objectives Reference values of aortic deformation during the cardiac cycle can be valuable for the pre-operative planning of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) and for facilitating computational fluid dynamics. This study aimed to quantify normal aortic extensibility (longitudinal extension) and distensibility (radial expansion), as well as pulsatile strain, in a group of 10 (>60 years) individuals with abdominal or thoracic aortic aneurysms. Methods ECG gated CT images of the thoracic aorta were reconstructed into virtual 3D models of aortic geometry. The centre lumen line length of the thoracic aorta and three longitudinal segments, and the aortic diameter and luminal areas of four radial intersections were extracted with a dedicated software script to calculate extensibility, longitudinal strain, distensibility, and circumferential area strain. Results Mean extensibility and longitudinal strain of the entire thoracic aorta were 3.5 [1.3–6.8] × 10−3 N−1, and 2.7 [1.0–4.5]%, respectively. Extensibility and longitudinal strain were most pronounced in the ascending aorta (20.6 [5.7–36.2] × 10−3 N−1 and 15.9 [6.6–31.9]%) and smallest in the descending aorta (4.4 [1.6–12.3] × 10−3 N−1 and 2.2 [0.7–4.7]%). Mean distensibility and circumferential area strain were most pronounced at the sinotubular junction (1.7 [0.5–2.9] × 10−3 mmHg−1 and 11.3 [3.3–18.5]%, respectively). Distensibility varied between 0.9 [0.3–2.5] × 10−3 mmHg−1 and 1.2 [0.3–3.3] × 10−3 mmHg−1 at the intersections in the aortic arch and descending aorta. Conclusions Pulsatile deformations in both longitudinal and circumferential directions are considerable throughout the thoracic aorta. These findings may have implications for pre-operative TEVAR planning and highlight the need for devices that can mimic the significant aortic longitudinal and circumferential strains.
Extensibility and Distensibility of the Thoracic Aorta in Patients with Aneurysm / H.W.L. de Beaufort, F.J.H. Nauta, M. Conti, E. Cellitti, C. Trentin, E. Faggiano, G.H.W. van Bogerijen, C.A. Figueroa, F.L. Moll, J.A. van Herwaarden, F. Auricchio, S. Trimarchi. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF VASCULAR AND ENDOVASCULAR SURGERY. - ISSN 1078-5884. - 53:2(2017), pp. 199-205.
|Titolo:||Extensibility and Distensibility of the Thoracic Aorta in Patients with Aneurysm|
AURICCHIO, FERDINANDO (Penultimo)
TRIMARCHI, SANTI (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Abdominal aneurysm; Distensibility; Extensibility; Pulsatile flow; Thoracic aneurysm; Thoracic aorta|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/22 - Chirurgia Vascolare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||24-dic-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2016.11.018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
File in questo prodotto:
|2016_Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg_de Beaufort_Trimarchi_Extensibility and Distensibility of the Thoracic Aorta in Patient with Aneurysm.pdf||Publisher's version/PDF||Administrator Richiedi una copia|