Background: Adjuvant chemotherapy has been suggested as a possible strategy to improve survival in women with earlystage ovarian cancer; however, all randomized studies to date have been too small to answer this question reliably. Methods: We performed a preplanned combined analysis of two parallel randomized clinical trials (International Collaborative Ovarian Neoplasm 1 [ICON1] and Adjuvant ChemoTherapy In Ovarian Neoplasm [ACTION]) in earlystage ovarian cancer that compared platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy with observation following surgery. Between November 1990 and January 2000, 925 patients (477 in ICON1 and 448 in ACTION) who had surgery for early-stage ovarian cancer were randomly assigned to receive platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy (n = 465) or observation (n = 460) until chemotherapy was indicated. Kaplan–Meier analysis was used to compare overall and recurrence- free survival by treatment allocation. In subgroup analyses of pretreatment age, tumor stage, histologic cell type, and differentiation grade, the differences in relative size of effect were tested using a chi-square test for interaction or a chi-square test for trend. All tests of statistical significance were two-sided. Results: After a median followup of over 4 years, 245 patients had died or had a recurrence (ICON1: 133, ACTION: 112). Overall survival at 5 years was 82% in the chemotherapy arm and 74% in the observation arm (difference = 8% [95% confidence interval (CI) = 2% to 12%]; hazard ratio [HR] = 0.67, 95% CI = 0.50 to 0.90; P = .008). Recurrence-free survival at 5 years was also better in the adjuvant chemotherapy arm than it was in the observation arm (76% versus 65%, difference = 11% [95% CI = 5% to 16%]; HR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.50 to 0.82; P = .001). Subgroup analyses provided no evidence of a difference in the size of effect of chemotherapy on survival in any pretreatment subcategory. Conclusions: Platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy improved overall survival and recurrence- free survival at 5 years in this combined group of patients with early-stage ovarian cancer defined by the inclusion criteria of the ICON1 and ACTION trials.
|Titolo:||International Collaborative Ovarian Neoplasm Trial 1 and Adjuvant ChemoTherapy In Ovarian Neoplasm Trial: Two Parallel Randomized Phase III Trials of Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Patients With Early-Stage Ovarian Carcinoma|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1093/jnci/95.2.105|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|