A novel flame retardant intumescent system, aimed to improve the fire stability of ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer (EVA), has been prepared by melt blending of the copolymer and a complex of cyclodextrin nanosponge-phosphorus compounds. As compared to traditional systems, this complex, stable in processing conditions, has the advantage that nanosponges act as both carbon sources and foam forming agents while the phosphorus compounds are able to directly generate phosphoric acid in situ. In this context, cyclodextrin nanosponges undergo dehydration in presence of the acid source, generating water vapour and char, and thus protecting the copolymer against combustion. Different acid sources have been investigated in order to reach the optimum interaction with the nanosponges. Raman measurements and thermogravimetric analyses have shown that the cavities of nanosponges entrapped the phosphorus derivatives forming stable complexes at the temperature of EVA processing. Different amounts of these complexes (5, 10 and 15 wt.%) have been added to EVA via melt blending and their flame retardancy properties measured by UL94 test and cone calorimetry. Strongly modified burning kinetics, as compared to the behaviour of the neat copolymer, have been found by UL94 test: V2 classification has been achieved for every formulation regardless of the type and the amount of complex used. EVA combustion behaviour by cone calorimetry has also been significantly affected: the heat release rate decreased dramatically down to ca. 20% in the presence of these new additives.
|Titolo:||Novel flame retardants containing cyclodextrin nanosponges and phosphorus compounds to enhance EVA combustion properties|
ALONGI, JENNY (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||β-cyclodextrins; Cone calorimeter; EVA Flame retardants; Nanosponges; UL94 classification; Mechanics of Materials; Materials Chemistry; Polymers and Plastics|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/04 - Chimica Industriale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2010.06.030|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|