PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of drusen-like deposits (DLDs) and choroidal changes in patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), with or without glomerulonephritis. To correlate ocular findings with systemic features. DESIGN: Case-control study METHODS: Sixty patients with SLE (18-55 years; 30 with and 30 without SLE-related glomerulonephritis) and 60 age and gender matched healthy controls were enrolled. All patients underwent non-invasive, multimodal imaging that included fundus photography, near-infrared reflectance, blue autofluorescence, blue reflectance, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Images were analyzed for the prevalence of DLDs. Distribution, size, and number of DLDs were measured. Correlations between ocular findings and systemic features were analyzed. Subfoveal choroidal thickness (SCT) was measured using the SD-OCT. RESULTS: Drusen-like deposits were detected in 40% of SLE subjects and 3.33% of controls (P<0.0001). Compared to other techniques, SD-OCT detected the largest number of affected subjects. In eyes with DLDs, small, medium, and large lesions were found in 75%, 50%, and 42% of cases, respectively. Drusen-like deposits were located in the nasal, temporal, inferior, superior, and central regions of the posterior pole in 83%, 75%, 67%, 54%, and 25% eyes, respectively. The prevalence of DLDs in patients with SLE were similar regardless of renal involvement, but patients with glomerulonephritis had more DLDs/eye, larger deposits, and DLDs in >3 quadrants (P<0.001, P=0.03, P=0.009, respectively). Subfoveal choroidal thickness was greater in patients with SLE (P=0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Drusen-like deposits in patients with SLE were independent of renal disease and were best detected with SD-OCT. Lupus-related glomerulonephritis was associated with more fundus abnormalities and a screening SD-OCT should be considered in all patients with SLE. Drusen like deposits in the absence of glomerulonephritis may support the recent proposal that complement alteration is the primary cause for these lesions.

Drusen-like Deposits in Young Adults Diagnosed with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus / A. Invernizzi, L. Dell'Arti, G. Leone, D. Galimberti, E. Garoli, G. Moroni, A. Santaniello, A. Agarwal, F. Viola. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY. - ISSN 0002-9394. - 175(2017 Mar), pp. 68-76. [10.1016/j.ajo.2016.11.014]

Drusen-like Deposits in Young Adults Diagnosed with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

A. Invernizzi
Primo
;
L. Dell'Arti
Secondo
;
E. Garoli;A. Santaniello;F. Viola
Ultimo
2017-03

Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of drusen-like deposits (DLDs) and choroidal changes in patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), with or without glomerulonephritis. To correlate ocular findings with systemic features. DESIGN: Case-control study METHODS: Sixty patients with SLE (18-55 years; 30 with and 30 without SLE-related glomerulonephritis) and 60 age and gender matched healthy controls were enrolled. All patients underwent non-invasive, multimodal imaging that included fundus photography, near-infrared reflectance, blue autofluorescence, blue reflectance, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Images were analyzed for the prevalence of DLDs. Distribution, size, and number of DLDs were measured. Correlations between ocular findings and systemic features were analyzed. Subfoveal choroidal thickness (SCT) was measured using the SD-OCT. RESULTS: Drusen-like deposits were detected in 40% of SLE subjects and 3.33% of controls (P<0.0001). Compared to other techniques, SD-OCT detected the largest number of affected subjects. In eyes with DLDs, small, medium, and large lesions were found in 75%, 50%, and 42% of cases, respectively. Drusen-like deposits were located in the nasal, temporal, inferior, superior, and central regions of the posterior pole in 83%, 75%, 67%, 54%, and 25% eyes, respectively. The prevalence of DLDs in patients with SLE were similar regardless of renal involvement, but patients with glomerulonephritis had more DLDs/eye, larger deposits, and DLDs in >3 quadrants (P<0.001, P=0.03, P=0.009, respectively). Subfoveal choroidal thickness was greater in patients with SLE (P=0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Drusen-like deposits in patients with SLE were independent of renal disease and were best detected with SD-OCT. Lupus-related glomerulonephritis was associated with more fundus abnormalities and a screening SD-OCT should be considered in all patients with SLE. Drusen like deposits in the absence of glomerulonephritis may support the recent proposal that complement alteration is the primary cause for these lesions.
SLE; drusen; eye; nephritis; optical coherence tomography; retina; systemic lupus erythematous; complement
Settore MED/30 - Malattie Apparato Visivo
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
Settore MED/14 - Nefrologia
Settore MED/16 - Reumatologia
6-dic-2016
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/463537
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