Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a chronic cholestatic liver disease, most commonly affecting female patients between 40 and 60 years of age. Patient sera present autoantibodies against mitochondrial antigens (AMA) and elevated serum IgM. Histol. studies demonstrate progressive destruction of small- and medium-sized intrahepatic bile ducts and, ultimately, liver cirrhosis. The precise mechanisms leading to selective destruction of such biliary epithelial cells are still unknown, although a no. of immunomediated pathways have been proposed. Genetic background is crit. in detg. susceptibility to the disease, although no clear assocn. with haplotypes of the major histocompatibility complex has been identified. Mol. mimicry by either infectious agents or xenobiotics has been proposed as a means of breaking tolerance in genetically predisposed individuals, thus leading to the onset of PBC. In this review, available data and current theories regarding the immunomediated pathogenesis of PBC will be described.
Primary biliary cirrhosis : solving the enigma / A. Giorgini, C. Selmi, P. Invernizzi, M. Podda, M. Zuin, M.E. Gershwin. - In: ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. - ISSN 0077-8923. - 1051(2005 Jun), pp. 185-193.
|Titolo:||Primary biliary cirrhosis : solving the enigma|
|Parole Chiave:||Autoantibodies; Autoimmune cholangitis; Environmental factors; Genetic susceptibility; Immunology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1196/annals.1361.060|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|