PURPOSE: The aim of this paper was to describe the caries experience in four North Italian areas. The areas selected were four North Italian medium-sized cities: San Remo located in western Liguria, Ferrara in Emilia, and Varese and Melegnano (Milan suburbs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 1104 subjects (560 males and 544 females) were examined. Several dental outcomes were used: DMFT Index and SiC index following WHO recommendations; and the caries experience ratio; the percentage of children with high caries disease and with rampant caries was calculated as the percentage of subjects with DMFT > 0, DMFT > or = 4 and DMFT > or = 7. RESULTS: Mean DMFT ranged from 1.21 +/- 1.65 in the Ferrara group to 1.83 +/- 2.49 in San Remo. Among the groups, statistically significant differences were observed for DT and DMFT (p = 0.04 and p = 0.01 respectively). The SiC index was 3.75 +/- 1.87, 3 (2-5) in all samples, with significant differences among the four areas (p = 0.04). No statistical differences were observed among the four areas regarding caries experience and the proportion of children with high and rampant caries. An elevated proportion of subjects with high caries (DMFT > or = 4) was noted in the San Remo group (22.9%). The distribution of children by gender according to DMFT levels was not statistically significant either. The F/DMFT ratio was similar in the survey areas, from 0.30 in San Remo, 0.38 in Varese and Ferrara, to 0.40 in the Milan suburbs. CONCLUSION: Information drawn from this study can be helpful to describe and plan future dental prevention programmes aimed at reducing caries experience and promoting better oral health level.
|Titolo:||Caries experience and status in school-age children residing in four North Italian communities|
STROHMENGER, LAURA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||caries epidemiology; DMFT index; SiC index; children ; Italy|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3290/j.ohpd.a10076|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|