The theory that Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) may be related to lethal cardiac arrhythmias or heart block due to structural abnormalities of the conduction system is attractive and still of particular interest. We analyze 69 autopsied cases of SIDS (46 males and 23 females, infants ranging in age from 3 to 365 days) and 24 age-matched cases of explained death (ED) as controls (16 males and 8 females), infants who died from extracardiac cause (cerebral and respiratory). SIDS and ED groups were divided into three subgroups according to the age: (A) from 3 to 60 days; (B) from 61 to 120 days; (C) from 121 to 365 days. Histological observations were focused on the cardiac conduction system (CCS) which was examined on serial sections with the technique devised by one of the present authors (L. Rossi). The following findings were observed: resorptive degeneration (97.10% of SIDS, 75% of ED), His bundle dispersion (33. 33% of SIDS, 16.66% of ED), Mahaim fibers (21.73% of SIDS, 8.3% of ED), cartilaginous meta-hyperplasia (5.79% of SIDS, 4.16% of ED), persistent fetal dispersion (24.63% of SIDS, 16.66% of ED), intramural right bundle (20.29% of SIDS, 25% of ED), left sided His bundle (20.29% of SIDS and 8.3% of ED), hemorrhage of the atrio-ventricular junction (15.94% of SIDS), septation of the bifurcation (13.04% of SIDS), atrio-ventricular node (AVN) dispersion (7.24% of SIDS), sino-atrial node hypoplasia (5.79% of SIDS), Zahn node (1.45% of SIDS), His bundle hypoplasia (1.45% of SIDS), intramural left bundle (1.45% of SIDS), AVN dualism (2.89% of SIDS), and His bundle dualism (2.89% of SIDS, 4.16% of ED). Only the presence of resorptive degeneration was significantly higher in SIDS than in ED cases (p = 0.004). Regarding the subgroups, the only significant difference was the higher presence of intramural right bundle in SIDS-A than in SIDS-B (p = 0.01). Despite the non-specificity of most of these findings, we believe that these changes, associated with particular conditions and/or neurovegetative stimuli, could cause potentially malignant arrhythmias. These data suggest the need for an accurate approach and examination of the cardiac conduction system in all cases of sudden death in infancy.
|Titolo:||Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) : a study of cardiac conduction system|
|Parole Chiave:||SIDS ; cardiac conduction system ; resorptive degeneration ; Mahaim fibers ; fetal dispersion|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S1054-8807(00)00035-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|