Increased slope of exercise ventilation to carbon dioxide production (VE/VCO2) is an established prognosticator in patients with heart failure. Recently, the occurrence of exercise oscillatory breathing (EOB) has emerged as an additional strong indicator of survival. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to define the respective prognostic significance of these variables and whether excess risk may be identified when either respiratory disorder is present. METHODS: In 288 stable chronic HF patients (average left ventricular ejection fraction, 33 +/- 13%) who underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing, the prognostic relevance of VE/VCO2 slope, EOB, and peak VO2 was evaluated by multivariate Cox regression. RESULTS: During a mean interval of 28 +/- 13 months, 62 patients died of cardiac reasons. Thirty-five percent presented with EOB. Among patients exhibiting EOB, 54% had an elevated VE/VCO2 slope. The optimal threshold value for the VE/VCO2 slope identified by receiver operating characteristic analysis was < 36.2 or > or = 36.2 (sensitivity, 77%; specificity, 64%; P < .001). Univariate predictors of death included low left ventricular ejection fraction, low peak VO2, high VE/VCO2 slope, and EOB presence. Multivariate analysis selected EOB as the strongest predictor (chi2, 46.5; P < .001). The VE/VCO2 slope (threshold, < 36.2 or > or = 36.2) was the only other exercise test variable retained in the regression (residual chi2, 5.9; P = .02). The hazard ratio for subjects with EOB and a VE/VCO2 slope > or = 36.2 was 11.4 (95% confidence interval, 4.9-26.5; P < .001). CONCLUSION: These findings identify EOB as a strong survival predictor even more powerful than VE/VCO2 slope. Exercise oscillatory breathing presence does not necessarily imply an elevated VE/VCO2 slope, but combination of either both yields to a burden of risk remarkably high

Exercise oscillatory breathing and increased ventilation to carbon dioxide production slope in heart failure : an unfavorable combination with high prognostic value / M. Guazzi, R. Arena, A. Ascione, M. Piepoli, M.D. Guazzi, G. di Studio Fisiologia dell'Esercizio, C.d.S.e. Riabilitazione Cardiovascolare of the Italian Society of Cardiology. - In: AMERICAN HEART JOURNAL. - ISSN 0002-8703. - 153:5(2007 May), pp. 859-867. [10.1016/j.ahj.2007.02.034]

Exercise oscillatory breathing and increased ventilation to carbon dioxide production slope in heart failure : an unfavorable combination with high prognostic value

M. Guazzi
Primo
;
2007

Abstract

Increased slope of exercise ventilation to carbon dioxide production (VE/VCO2) is an established prognosticator in patients with heart failure. Recently, the occurrence of exercise oscillatory breathing (EOB) has emerged as an additional strong indicator of survival. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to define the respective prognostic significance of these variables and whether excess risk may be identified when either respiratory disorder is present. METHODS: In 288 stable chronic HF patients (average left ventricular ejection fraction, 33 +/- 13%) who underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing, the prognostic relevance of VE/VCO2 slope, EOB, and peak VO2 was evaluated by multivariate Cox regression. RESULTS: During a mean interval of 28 +/- 13 months, 62 patients died of cardiac reasons. Thirty-five percent presented with EOB. Among patients exhibiting EOB, 54% had an elevated VE/VCO2 slope. The optimal threshold value for the VE/VCO2 slope identified by receiver operating characteristic analysis was < 36.2 or > or = 36.2 (sensitivity, 77%; specificity, 64%; P < .001). Univariate predictors of death included low left ventricular ejection fraction, low peak VO2, high VE/VCO2 slope, and EOB presence. Multivariate analysis selected EOB as the strongest predictor (chi2, 46.5; P < .001). The VE/VCO2 slope (threshold, < 36.2 or > or = 36.2) was the only other exercise test variable retained in the regression (residual chi2, 5.9; P = .02). The hazard ratio for subjects with EOB and a VE/VCO2 slope > or = 36.2 was 11.4 (95% confidence interval, 4.9-26.5; P < .001). CONCLUSION: These findings identify EOB as a strong survival predictor even more powerful than VE/VCO2 slope. Exercise oscillatory breathing presence does not necessarily imply an elevated VE/VCO2 slope, but combination of either both yields to a burden of risk remarkably high
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/45867
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