Objectives: The 1976 Seveso, accident caused the contamination of a large inhabited area by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxin (TCDD). Three zones with decreasing soil TCDD levels were delimited: A (highest), B (high) and R (low). Persons ever living in the contaminated zones and in a surrounding non-contaminated area were followed-up, blind of their exposure status, to evaluate long-term health consequences through mortality and cancer incidence studies. The main finding of the mortality study (1976-2001) was an increase in lymphatic and hematopoietic cancers among both genders in the most polluted zones (A and B). We report here preliminary results of the cancer incidence study updated to 1996. Methods: Incident cancer cases were ascertained through the hospital discharge registration system of the Lombardy region, where over 95% of the cohort was still resident in 1986. For each case all relevant medical records were reviewed (over 3000/year). Relative risks (RR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) were estimated with Poisson regression techniques controlling for age, gender and calendar period using the surrounding non contaminated area as reference. Data collection and revision is in progress and has been completed for 96% of the cohort. Results: A preliminary analysis has been conducted on subjects aged 0-74 years residing in the area at the time of the accident. Cases ascertained through death certificate only (11% ) were included in the analysis. The percentage of histological confirmed diagnosis was 76%. The RR for all cancers in zone A was 1.1 (43 cases, 95%CI 0.7-1.6) and in zone B 1.2 (274 cases, 95%CI 1.0-1.4). Lymphohemopietic cancers showed RRs of 1.4 (95%CI 0.3-5.4) and 1.9 (95%CI 1.2-3.0) in zone A and B respectively. A twofold increased risk for breast cancer was detected in zone A (7 cases, 95%CI 0.6-6.2). Other increased risks have been observed for rectal and biliary tract cancers in zone B. Nine soft tissue sarcomas ( RR= 1.6; 95%CI 0.5-5.0) were observed in the least contaminated area (zone R) . Conclusions: The preliminary results of the cancer incidence study are coherent with the increased risk for lymphatic and hemopoietic cancers observed in the mortality follow-up. Further analyses are in progress.
Cancer Incidence and Dioxin exposure in the seveso cohort : an update of the cancer incidence study up to 20 years after the accident (1977-1996) / A.C. Pesatori, D. Consonni, M. Bonzini, R. Sindaco, R.G. Dinoia, T. Aquilina, P. Grillo, P.A. Bertazzi - In: EPICOH 2007 : 19. International Conference on Epidemiology in Occupational Health : Banff, Alberta, Canada, 9-12 october 2007[s.l] : null, 2007. (( Intervento presentato al 19. convegno International Conference on Epidemiology in Occupational Health tenutosi a Alberta, Canada nel 2007.
|Titolo:||Cancer Incidence and Dioxin exposure in the seveso cohort : an update of the cancer incidence study up to 20 years after the accident (1977-1996)|
PESATORI, ANGELA CECILIA (Primo)
GRILLO, PAOLO (Penultimo)
BERTAZZI, PIETRO ALBERTO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||TCDD ; cancer ; Seveso|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/44 - Medicina del Lavoro|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Tipologia:||Book Part (author)|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03 - Contributo in volume|