A common single-nucleotide polymorphism in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene, a methionine (Met) substitution for valine (Val) at codon 66 (Val66Met), is associated with alterations in brain anatomy and memory, but its relevance to clinical disorders is unclear. We generated a variant BDNF mouse (BDNFMet/Met) that reproduces the phenotypic hallmarks in humans with the variant allele. BDNFMet was expressed in brain at normal levels, but its secretion from neurons was defective. When placed in stressful settings, BDNFMet/Met mice exhibited increased anxiety-related behaviors that were not normalized by the antidepressant, fluoxetine. A variant BDNF may thus play a key role in genetic predispositions to anxiety and depressive disorders.
Genetic variant BDNF (Val66Met) polymorphism alters anxiety-related behavior / Z. Chen, D. Jing, K.G. Bath, A. Ieraci, T. Khan, C. Siao, D.G. Herrera, M. Toth, C. Yang, B.S. Mcewen, B.L. Hempstead, F.S. Lee. - In: SCIENCE. - ISSN 0036-8075. - 314:5796(2006 Oct 06), pp. 140-143.
|Titolo:||Genetic variant BDNF (Val66Met) polymorphism alters anxiety-related behavior|
|Parole Chiave:||Alleles; Animals; Anxiety; Behavior, Animal; Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor; Conditioning (Psychology); Dendrites; Dentate Gyrus; Fear; Fluoxetine; Hippocampus; Memory; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Mice, Transgenic; Motor Activity; Neurons; Organ Size; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Multidisciplinary|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
Settore BIO/06 - Anatomia Comparata e Citologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||6-ott-2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1129663|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|