It has been suggested that polycythemia vera (PV) could be preceded by an "early" phase of the disease (e-PV), in which the increase in the red cell parameters is lower than required for a PV diagnosis. In this study, we compared the clinicopathologic and molecular features of 17 patients with e-PV with those of 14 patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and 19 with PV. The results for e-PV were more similar to those for PV than for ET. In fact, patients with e-PV were characterized by an increase in the red cell parameters, splenomegaly (P < .05), and hepatomegaly (P = .038), together with hypercellular bone marrow due to increased erythropoiesis and granulopoiesis, associated with megakaryocytic hyperplasia, with pleomorphic aggregates (P < .001). The frequency of the JAK2V617F mutation was similar in e-PV (16 cases tested [100%]) and PV (18/19 [95%]) but was significantly lower (7/13 [54%]) in ET (P = .0007). We propose a diagnostic algorithm helpful to distinguish ET from the early prepolycythemic phase of PV.
The significance of bone marrow biopsy and JAK2V617F mutation in the differential diagnosis between the "early" prepolycythemic phase of polycythemia vera and essential thrombocythemia / U. Gianelli, A. Iurlo, C. Vener, A. Moro, E. Fermo, P. Bianchi, D. Graziani, F. Radaelli, G. Coggi, S. Bosari, G. Lambertenghi Deliliers, A. Zanella. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0002-9173. - 130:3(2008 Sep), pp. 336-342.
|Titolo:||The significance of bone marrow biopsy and JAK2V617F mutation in the differential diagnosis between the "early" prepolycythemic phase of polycythemia vera and essential thrombocythemia|
|Parole Chiave:||Bone marrow biopsy; Differential diagnosis; Early prepolycythemic polycythemia vera; Essential thrombocythemia; JAK2V617F mutation; Polycythemia vera|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue|
Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1309/6BQ5K8LHVYAKUAF4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|