Background: No consensus exists regarding further therapy for the management of hormone-refractory prostate cancer. In this phase II study, the combination of Vinorelbine with 5-Fluorouracil and folinic acid (FLN regimen) was evaluated in patients with progressive or resistant disease after hormone therapy. Patients and Methods: Thirty-four patients were treated with Vinorelbine at a dose of 20 mg/m 2 intravenously (i.v.) on days 1 and 3, folinic acid (FA), 100 mg/m 2 i.v. and 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU), 350 mg/m 2 i.v. as a short infusion on days 1 to 3. The therapy was given in an out-patient setting, every 3 weeks. Results: All of the 34 eligible patients were evaluable for toxicity and 30 for activity. A total of 127 cycles was administered (91% at full dose). Among the 15 patients with measurable disease, four had a partial response (26.6%; C.I. 95%, 28.3% to 65.7%) and four achieved stable disease. In 14 patients (47%) a clinical benefit was documented. Six out of 15 patients with bone-only involvement had stable disease (40%). The median duration of stabilization and partial response was 16 weeks (range 4-24 weeks). The most common toxicity was hematological: Grade 4 (NCI-CTC scale) in five patients at re-cycle. Other toxicities were of low incidence and easy to manage. Conclusion: The encouraging results obtained with the FLN regimen in terms of clinical benefit and its predictable and manageable toxicity support the palliative role of this chemotherapeutic strategy in hormone-refractory prostate patients.
|Titolo:||Vinorelbine-based chemotherapy in hormone refractory prostate cancer|
|Parole Chiave:||Hormone-refractory prostate cancer; PSA; Vinorelbine|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica|
Settore MED/24 - Urologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|