In unanesthetized dogs iv administration of the cholinesterase inhibitor eserine (0.5 mg) or the cholinergic muscarinic receptor agonist oxotremorine (0.25 mg) induced a clear-cut rise in plasma canine growth hormone (cGH) levels. Complete suppression of the GH-releasing effect of eserine and oxotremorine was induced by blockade of cholinergic muscarinic receptors by atropine (80 or 20 μg/kg, 30 min before) but not by scopolamine-N-butyl bromide (0.8 mg/dog, 30 min before), an anticholinergic drug which does not cross the blood brain barrier (BBB). In contrast, activation of cholinergic nicotinic receptors by nicotine (6 mg) failed to alter resting cGH concentrations, and pre-treatment with the nicotinic receptor blocker mecamylamine (5 mg, 30 min before) did not counteract the GH-releasing effect of eserine. Other cholinomimetic drugs, e.g. pilocarpine, 4-aminopyridine, carbachol and bethanechol failed to induce a rise in plasma cGH concentrations. These data indicate that: cholinergic muscarinic but not nicotinic receptors located in the central nervous system (CNS) inside the BBB play a facilitatory role in tonic cGH release; pharmacologically distinct muscarinic receptors may exist in the CNS.
Effect of agonists and antagonists of cholinergic neurotransmission on growth hormone release in the dog / F.F. Casanueva, R. Betti, S.G. Cella, E.E. Müller, P. Mantegazza. - In: ACTA ENDOCRINOLOGICA. - ISSN 0001-5598. - 103:1(1983), pp. 15-20.
|Titolo:||Effect of agonists and antagonists of cholinergic neurotransmission on growth hormone release in the dog|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1983|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|