Ultrasonography is the only non-invasive, non-ionizing imaging technique widely available to directly assess diaphragmatic function. Two different sonographic approaches permit the assessment of muscle thickening in the zone of apposition and excursion of the dome of the diaphragm. Thanks to the new hand-held ultrasound instruments, the morphology and function of the diaphragm can be assessed in different settings, such as outpatient clinic, pulmonary function test laboratory, hospital department and intensive care unit, and under different conditions. Despite the existence of different acoustic views and several codified approaches, a comprehensive sonographic examination has never been standardized for clinical use. In this review, we summarize the clinical indications, methods and perspectives of the technique in adults.

A review of the ultrasound assessment of diaphragmatic function in clinical practice / G.F.S. Papa, G.M. Pellegrino, F. Di Marco, G. Imeri, L. Brochard, E. Goligher, S. Centanni. - In: RESPIRATION. - ISSN 0025-7931. - 91:5(2016), pp. 403-411. [10.1159/000446518]

A review of the ultrasound assessment of diaphragmatic function in clinical practice

G.F.S. Papa;G.M. Pellegrino
Secondo
;
F. Di Marco;G. Imeri;S. Centanni
Ultimo
2016

Abstract

Ultrasonography is the only non-invasive, non-ionizing imaging technique widely available to directly assess diaphragmatic function. Two different sonographic approaches permit the assessment of muscle thickening in the zone of apposition and excursion of the dome of the diaphragm. Thanks to the new hand-held ultrasound instruments, the morphology and function of the diaphragm can be assessed in different settings, such as outpatient clinic, pulmonary function test laboratory, hospital department and intensive care unit, and under different conditions. Despite the existence of different acoustic views and several codified approaches, a comprehensive sonographic examination has never been standardized for clinical use. In this review, we summarize the clinical indications, methods and perspectives of the technique in adults.
diaphragm; lung function tests; ultrasound; ultrasound technique; medicine (all); pulmonary and respiratory medicine
Settore MED/10 - Malattie dell'Apparato Respiratorio
2016
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/452957
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