Evidence suggests that endurance and even recreational cycling may stimulate bone resorption; however, little is known about cartilage response to endurance cycling exercise. We investigated effort-dependent changes in bone turnover and cartilage biomarkers in blood and urine samples from elite cyclists during a 3-week stage race. Whole blood and urine samples were collected the day before the start of the race, at mid and end-race for serum and urinary CTx-I, NTx-I, PINP, COMP (only in serum), and CTx-II analysis by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The values were corrected for plasma volume or creatinine excretion, respectively, and correlated with power output (corrected for body weight) and net energy expenditure. Bone marker concentrations in both serum and urine were slightly but significantly decreased. Among the cartilage degradation markers, only CTx-II was decreased, while COMP remained unchanged. The changes in bone and cartilage turnover indexes were correlated with the indexes of physical effort and energy consumption. Strenuous physical effort, in the absence of mechanical loading, slows bone metabolism and only minimally affects cartilage turnover. Since changes in plasma and urine volume, which normally occur in exercising athletes, can mask these effects, biomarker concentrations need to be corrected for shifts in plasma volume and urinary creatinine for correct interpretation of the data.
Osteocartilaginous metabolic markers change over a 3-week stage race in pro-cyclists / R. Corsetti, S. Perego, V. Sansoni, J. Xu, A. Barassi, G. Banfi, G. Lombardi. - In: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL & LABORATORY INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 0036-5513. - 75:6(2015), pp. 523-530.
|Titolo:||Osteocartilaginous metabolic markers change over a 3-week stage race in pro-cyclists|
BANFI, GIUSEPPE (Penultimo)
LOMBARDI, GIOVANNI (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Bone remodeling; Cartilage; Energy expenditure; Mechanical stress; Physical endurance; Adult; Biomarkers; Bone Remodeling; Cartilage; Cartilage Oligomeric Matrix Protein; Collagen Type I; Creatinine; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Peptide Fragments; Peptides; Physical Exertion; Procollagen; Prospective Studies; Athletes; Bicycling; Clinical Biochemistry; Medicine (all)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00365513.2015.1057762|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|