This paper is part of the special publication Core-log integration (eds P.K. Harvey and M.A. Lovell). We used a database derived from the integration of core material and geophysical downhole measurements in order to investigate the relationships between fracturing and alteration in the volcanic section of DSDP/ODP Hole 504B. The studied crustal section (from top of the basement to 1000 mbsf (metres below sea floor)) consists of low resistivity/high porosity pillow lavas associated with breccias and rubble material, alternating with high resistivity/low porosity massive basalt flows. A positive correlation between DLL (Dual Laterolog)-derived porosity and occurrence of breccias in the core suggests that breccias more than fractures contribute to the electrical resistivity signal. A structural analysis performed from core suggests that most fractures and veins are steeply dipping, and may represent tectonic features or cracks due to contractional cooling of the crust, the latter being more abundant in pillows. Fractures and veins recorded on core tend to be clustered in massive units or thin flows. This result may derive from criteria adopted during structural measurements and must be taken with care. The natural radioactivity (GR) profile delineates two main alteration zones in the volcanic section: an oxidizing zone with increased potassium above, and a reducing one without K gain below. Most of the GR maxima are found to be correlated with celadonite-bearing alteration halos. GR minima are frequently located at the boundaries between domains of contrasting fracture orientation, where metasomatic reactions may have occurred due to contrasting permeability.
Multi-scalar structure at DSDP/ODP Site 504, Costa Rica Rift, II: fracturing and alteration. An integrated study from core, downhole measurements and borehole wall images / P. Tartarotti, M. Ayadi, P.A. Pezard, C. Laverne, F.D. De Larouziere - In: Core-Log Integration / [a cura di] P.K. HARVEY, M.A. Lovell. - London : The Geological Society, 1998. - ISBN 1862390169. - pp. 391-412 (( convegno Meeting of the Borehole-Research-Group of the Geological-Society/London-Petrophysical-Society tenutosi a London nel 1996.
|Titolo:||Multi-scalar structure at DSDP/ODP Site 504, Costa Rica Rift, II: fracturing and alteration. An integrated study from core, downhole measurements and borehole wall images|
TARTAROTTI, PAOLA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Ocean Engineering; Water Science and Technology; Geology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/03 - Geologia Strutturale|
Settore GEO/10 - Geofisica della Terra Solida
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/GSL.SP.1998.136.01.31|
|Tipologia:||Book Part (author)|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03 - Contributo in volume|