INTRODUCTION The costs of flexible ureterorenoscopes (fURS) and their repair oblige the surgeon to know the proper handling of instruments. There is a lack of evidence in the literature about the safety distance that the laser fiber should have once out from the scope to avoid instrumental damages. MATERIAL AND METHODS We performed an in-vitro observational study. Seven fURS were tested. The distance from the laser fiber tip and the fURS camera was measured at the first appearance on the endoscopic screen and when the fiber was reaching one fourth of the screen. Secondly, to evaluate the impact of the Holmium laser bubble according to the different fiber distances, an assessment of the size and shape of the bubble created at the tip of the fiber with the laser activated was done recording the images with an High Speed Camera. RESULTS The first appearance on the screen of the laser tip is different in different scopes. In all the scopes when observed that when the laser fiber was at ¼ of the screen the bubble was never touching the fURS tip. CONCLUSION Even if there is a big limitation of this study due the impossibility to measure and to evaluate the damage of the fURS tip surface, we observed that when the laser fiber tip reach ¼ of the screen, the bubble generated by the laser activation is never rebounding on the camera of the scope preserving it from laser damages. We can define this position as the "safety distance".

Laser fiber and flexible ureterorenoscopy: the safety distance concept / M. Talso, E. Emiliani, M. Haddad, L. Berthe, M. Baghdadi, E. Montanari, O. Traxer. - In: JOURNAL OF ENDOUROLOGY. - ISSN 0892-7790. - 30:2(2016 Oct 12), pp. 1269-1274. [10.1089/end.2016.0209]

Laser fiber and flexible ureterorenoscopy: the safety distance concept

M. Talso
;
E. Montanari
Penultimo
;
2016

Abstract

INTRODUCTION The costs of flexible ureterorenoscopes (fURS) and their repair oblige the surgeon to know the proper handling of instruments. There is a lack of evidence in the literature about the safety distance that the laser fiber should have once out from the scope to avoid instrumental damages. MATERIAL AND METHODS We performed an in-vitro observational study. Seven fURS were tested. The distance from the laser fiber tip and the fURS camera was measured at the first appearance on the endoscopic screen and when the fiber was reaching one fourth of the screen. Secondly, to evaluate the impact of the Holmium laser bubble according to the different fiber distances, an assessment of the size and shape of the bubble created at the tip of the fiber with the laser activated was done recording the images with an High Speed Camera. RESULTS The first appearance on the screen of the laser tip is different in different scopes. In all the scopes when observed that when the laser fiber was at ¼ of the screen the bubble was never touching the fURS tip. CONCLUSION Even if there is a big limitation of this study due the impossibility to measure and to evaluate the damage of the fURS tip surface, we observed that when the laser fiber tip reach ¼ of the screen, the bubble generated by the laser activation is never rebounding on the camera of the scope preserving it from laser damages. We can define this position as the "safety distance".
cost; flexible ureterorenoscopy; holmium laser; laser fiber; safety; stone
Settore MED/24 - Urologia
12-ott-2016
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/450596
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