OBJECTIVE: To verify the possibility to use the Anthropometric Health Report (AHR), containing the BMI value, for overweight/obesity evaluation in 5-6-years-old children. DESIGN: Between January 2001 and December 2004, 4619 AHR had been examined. BMI values were compared with age and sex-specific BMI cutoffs, according to Cole, as well as with a single BMI value, calculated as the mean between boys and girls cutoff at 5.5 yrs of age. SETTING: 4619 children of ASL Provincia di Milano 2, aged 5-6 years were examined. PARTECIPANTS: 81 Family Pediatricians working in the area of Provincia di Milano 2. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: An easily available and low cost method for epidemiological studies on overweight and obesity in childhood. RESULTS: During the study period the number of examined children increased constantly (from 8% to 30% of the overall resident population). Also the correct compilation of the AHR raised (from 47% to 95%). The elevated percentage of overweight children (range 17-23%) and obese children (range 5-7%) in the study group confirms other published data in this age group. The use of a single BMI cutoff did not affect significantly (p > 0.05) the results with regard to the use ofage and sex-specific cut offs. Required time for carrying out the study was limited. Efficiency increased during the study: the number ofAHRs analyzed per hour increased from 37.5 in 2001 to 103.5 in 2004. Some critical points about current uses of AHR are discussed CONCLUSIONS: AHR could be used for epidemiological purposes. It could be considered an useful method in monitoring overweight/obesity in 5-6 years old children as well as in checking the efficacy of prevention and therapeutic strategies.
|Titolo:||Utilità della scheda bilancio di salute per la rilevazione di sovrappeso e obesita nei bambini tra 5 e 6 anni : esperienza pilota in Lombardia|
|Parole Chiave:||Overweight ; Obesity ; Children|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|