The possibility of generating induced pluripotent stem cells from mouse embryonic fibroblasts and human adult fibroblasts has introduced new perspectives for possible therapeutic strategies to repair damaged hearts. However, obtaining large numbers of adult stem cells is still an ongoing challenge, and the safety of genetic reprogramming with lenti- or retro-viruses has several drawbacks not easy to be addressed. Furthermore, the majority of adult stem cell-based clinical trials for heart regeneration have had generally poor and controversial results. Nonetheless, it is now clear that the injected cells activate the growth and differentiation of progenitor cells that are already present in the heart. This is achieved by the release of signalling factors and/or exosomes carrying them. Along this line, chemistry may play a major role in developing new strategies for activating resident stem cells to regenerate the heart. In particular, this review focuses on small molecule approaches for cell reprogramming, cell differentiation, and activation of cell protection.
A chemical approach to myocardial protection and regeneration / M. Piccoli, F. Cirillo, G. Tettamanti, L. Anastasia. - In: EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL SUPPLEMENTS. - ISSN 1520-765X. - 18:E(2016 Apr), pp. E1-E7.
|Titolo:||A chemical approach to myocardial protection and regeneration|
|Parole Chiave:||Cell reprogramming; De-differentiation; Reversine; Cell differentiaiton; iPSCs; Sulphonyl-hydrazones; Cardiac protection; HIF-1 alpha; PHD2; Sialidase NEU3|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/suw018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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