The infection of Arabidopsis thaliana plants with avirulent pathogens causes the accumulation of cGMP with a biphasic profile downstream of nitric oxide signalling. However, plant enzymes that modulate cGMP levels have yet to be identified, so we generated transgenic A. thaliana plants expressing the rat soluble guanylate cyclase (GC) to increase genetically the level of cGMP and to study the function of cGMP in plant defence responses. Once confirmed that cGMP levels were higher in the GC transgenic lines than in wild-type controls, the GC transgenic plants were then challenged with bacterial pathogens and their defence responses were characterized. Although local resistance was similar in the GC transgenic and wild-type lines, differences in the redox state suggested potential cross-talk between cGMP and the glutathione redox system. Furthermore, large-scale transcriptomic and proteomic analysis highlighted the significant modulation of both gene expression and protein abundance at the infection site, inhibiting the establishment of systemic acquired resistance. Our data indicate that cGMP plays a key role in local responses controlling the induction of systemic acquired resistance in plants challenged with avirulent pathogens.
Constitutive cyclic GMP accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana compromises systemic acquired resistance induced by an avirulent pathogen by modulating local signals / J. Hussain, J. Chen, V. Locato, W. Sabetta, S. Behera, S. Cimini, F. Griggio, S. Martínez-Jaime, A. Graf, M. Bouneb, R. Pachaiappan, P. Fincato, E. Blanco, A. Costa, L. De Gara, D. Bellin, M. de Pinto, E. Vandelle. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 6(2016), pp. 36423.1-36423.18.
|Titolo:||Constitutive cyclic GMP accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana compromises systemic acquired resistance induced by an avirulent pathogen by modulating local signals|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/04 - Fisiologia Vegetale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||4-nov-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep36423|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|