BACKGROUND: The clinical determinants of fibrosis progression in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are still under definition. AIM: To assess the clinical determinants of fibrosis progression rate (FPR) in NAFLD patients with baseline and follow-up histological evaluation, with a special focus on the impact of pharmacological therapy. METHODS: In an observational cohort of 118 Italian patients from tertiary referral centers, liver histology was evaluated according to Kleiner. Independent predictors of FPR were selected by a stepwise regression approach. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 36 months (IQR 24-77). Twenty-five patients (18%) showed some amelioration, 63 (53%) had stability, 30 (25%) had progression of fibrosis. Patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) had similar demographic and anthropometric features, but a higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D; p = 0.010), and use of renin-angiotensin axis system (RAS) inhibitors (p = 0.005). Fibrosis progression was dependent of the length of follow-up, and was associated with, but did not require, the presence of NASH (p<0.05). Both fibrosis progression and faster FPR were independently associated with higher APRI score at follow-up, absence of treatment with RAS inhibitors, and T2D diagnosis at baseline (p<0.05). There was a significant interaction between use of RAS inhibitors and T2D on FPR (p = 0.002). RAS inhibitors were associated with slower FPR in patients with (p = 0.011), but not in those without (p = NS) T2D. CONCLUSIONS: NASH is not required for fibrosis progression in NAFLD, whereas T2D seems to drive fibrogenesis independently of hepatic inflammation. Use of RAS inhibitors may contrast fibrosis progression especially in high-risk patients affected by T2D.

Renin-Angiotensin System Inhibitors, Type 2 Diabetes and Fibrosis Progression : An Observational Study in Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease / S. Pelusi, S. Petta, C. Rosso, V. Borroni, A. Fracanzani, P. Dongiovanni, A. Craxi, E. Bugianesi, S. Fargion, L. Valenti. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 11:9(2016 Sep). [10.1371/journal.pone.0163069]

Renin-Angiotensin System Inhibitors, Type 2 Diabetes and Fibrosis Progression : An Observational Study in Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

S. Pelusi
Primo
;
V. Borroni;A. Fracanzani;P. Dongiovanni;S. Fargion
Penultimo
;
L. Valenti
Ultimo
2016-09

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The clinical determinants of fibrosis progression in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are still under definition. AIM: To assess the clinical determinants of fibrosis progression rate (FPR) in NAFLD patients with baseline and follow-up histological evaluation, with a special focus on the impact of pharmacological therapy. METHODS: In an observational cohort of 118 Italian patients from tertiary referral centers, liver histology was evaluated according to Kleiner. Independent predictors of FPR were selected by a stepwise regression approach. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 36 months (IQR 24-77). Twenty-five patients (18%) showed some amelioration, 63 (53%) had stability, 30 (25%) had progression of fibrosis. Patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) had similar demographic and anthropometric features, but a higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D; p = 0.010), and use of renin-angiotensin axis system (RAS) inhibitors (p = 0.005). Fibrosis progression was dependent of the length of follow-up, and was associated with, but did not require, the presence of NASH (p<0.05). Both fibrosis progression and faster FPR were independently associated with higher APRI score at follow-up, absence of treatment with RAS inhibitors, and T2D diagnosis at baseline (p<0.05). There was a significant interaction between use of RAS inhibitors and T2D on FPR (p = 0.002). RAS inhibitors were associated with slower FPR in patients with (p = 0.011), but not in those without (p = NS) T2D. CONCLUSIONS: NASH is not required for fibrosis progression in NAFLD, whereas T2D seems to drive fibrogenesis independently of hepatic inflammation. Use of RAS inhibitors may contrast fibrosis progression especially in high-risk patients affected by T2D.
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/446351
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