Deletion of the p66Shc gene in mice results in reduced levels of oxidative stress and longer lifespan. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) can lead to tissue damage, particularly in the brain. In this study we extended previous findings on the behavioral phenotype of the p66Shc-/- mice. Cognitive performance of adult and old p66Shc-/- and p66Shc+/+ mice was tested in a Morris water maze (MWM) task while general reactivity and pain sensitivity were assayed at adulthood, respectively, in an open field and by means of a tail flick test. Levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a neurotrophin involved in several aspects of synaptic plasticity, emotionality and pain sensitivity, were assessed in selected brain areas. P66Shc-/- adult subjects, compared to WT, overall showed a better performance in the MWM, lower emotionality and a higher pain threshold, in addition to increased basal levels of BDNF in the hippocampus, as well as decreased levels of oxidative stress markers in the same brain area. Although all aged subjects failed to learn the cognitive task, aged p66Shc-/- mice were characterized by a better physical performance. These results suggest an interaction between the p66Shc gene and specific signaling pathways involved in behavioral adaptation to stress and aging.
|Titolo:||Deletion of the lifespan determinant p66(Shc) improves performance in a spatial memory task, decreases levels of oxidative stress markers in the hippocampus and increases levels of the neurotrophin BDNF in adult mice|
|Autori interni:||PELICCI, PIER GIUSEPPE|
|Parole Chiave:||Aging; Anxiety; BDNF; Mice; Morris water maze; Neurodegeneration; Open field; Oxidative stress; p66Shc; Pain sensitivity|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.exger.2007.10.016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|