Objective The glycogen storage diseases (GSD) or glycogenoses comprise several inherited diseases caused by abnormalities of the enzymes that regulate the synthesis or degradation of glycogen. This report presents lens opacities not previously described in patients with type I or III GSD. Participants Eleven patients with type I and III GSD. Methods We examined a series of 11 consecutive patients (aged 13-40 years) with type I and III GSD by full ophthalmologic examination. Results We found changes of the lens on 7 of 11 patients (aged 23-40 years) with glycogenoses I and III. In 6 patients, the lens showed multiple, bilateral, punctate, and peripheral opacities; only 1 patient showed a posterior subcapsular opacity in both eyes. We did not observe changes in the cornea and the posterior pole correlated to the accumulation of glycogen and lipids. Conclusions In this series, we found that 60% of patients with type I and III GSD show lens opacities. These opacities are bilateral, peripheral, multiple, and small; they do not give any visual disturbance. Considering that subjects with age ranging from 13 to 23 years had no lens opacities, we postulate that they could progressively develop over time because of exposure to recurrent attacks of hypoglycemia, which lead to a progressive depletion of hexokinase.
Lens opacities in glycogenoses type i and III / D. Allegrini, A. Autelitano, P. Fogagnolo, S. De Cillà, E. Piozzi, M. Mazza, S. Paci, C. Montanari, E. Riva, L. Rossetti. - In: CANADIAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY-JOURNAL CANADIEN D OPHTALMOLOGIE. - ISSN 0008-4182. - 50:6(2015), pp. 480-484.
|Titolo:||Lens opacities in glycogenoses type i and III|
ALLEGRINI, DAVIDE (Corresponding)
AUTELITANO, ALESSANDRO (Secondo)
RIVA, ENRICA LICIA (Penultimo)
ROSSETTI, LUCA MARIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Adolescent; Adult; Cataract; Creatine Kinase; Female; Glycogen Storage Disease Type I; Glycogen Storage Disease Type III; Humans; Insulin; Lactic Acid; Lipids; Male; Visual Acuity; Young Adult; Ophthalmology; Medicine (all)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/30 - Malattie Apparato Visivo|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjo.2015.08.008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|