A cytogenetic analysis was performed on direct preparations and shortterm cell cultures of lung tumor and normal bronchial epithelium of 19 patients carrying either a first or a second primary lung cancer. In 9 tumors (6 squamous cell carcinomas, 1 adenocarcinoma, 1 mucoepidermoid carcinoma, and 1 small cell lung carcinoma) successfully analyzed, pseudodiploid and hyperdiploid karyotypes were observed with a heter ogeneous pattern of chromosome abnormalities but with a consistent involvement (5 cases) of the short or the long arm of chromosome 3. The normal bronchial epithelial cells had a normal karyotype in 11 patients, whereas in 6 patients clonal and nonclonal chromosomal abnormalities were observed. Involvement of chromosome 7 was present in 4 cases. In addition, overexpression of the growth factor receptors, epidermal growth factor receptor and HER-2/neu, was found in 9 of 18 tumors and in 6 of 13 bronchial epithelium samples. These findings suggest that early genetic lesions could be present in the normal bronchial epithelial cells that are the target of further complex and multiple genetic changes occurring during the pathogenesis of lung cancer. © 1991, American Association for Cancer Research. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Cytogenetic Abnormalities and Overexpression of Receptors for Growth Factors in Normal Bronchial Epithelium and Tumor Samples of Lung Cancer Patients|
MIOZZO, MONICA ROSA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Cancer Research; Oncology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/03 - Genetica Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-1991|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|