Cribbing is an oral stereotypy, tends to develop in captive animals as a means to cope with stress, and may be indicative of reduced welfare.Highly energetic diets ingested in a short time are one of themost relevant risk factors for the development of cribbing. The aim of this study was to verify whether feeding cribbing horses through a dispenser that delivers small quantities of concentrate when activated by the animal decreases cribbing behaviour, modifies feeding behaviour, or induces frustration. Ten horses (mean age 14 y), balanced for sex, breed, and size (mean height 162 cm),were divided into two groups of 5 horses each: Cribbing and Control. Animals were trained to use the dispenser and videorecorded continuously for 15 consecutive days from 1 h prior to feeding to 2 h after feeding in order to measure their behaviours.The feed dispenser, Quaryka, induced an increase in time necessary to finish the ration in both groups of horses ( < 0.05). With Quaryka, cribbers showed a significant reduction of time spent cribbing ( < 0.05). After removal of the feed dispenser (Post-Quaryka), cribbing behaviour significantly increased. The use of Quaryka may be particularly beneficial in horses fed high-energy diets and ingesting the food too quickly.

Efficacy of a Feed Dispenser for Horses in Decreasing Cribbing Behaviour / S. Mazzola, C. Palestrini, S. Cannas, E. Fè, G.L. Bagnato, D. Vigo, D. Frank, M. Minero. - In: VETERINARY MEDICINE INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 2042-0048. - 2016(2016 Oct), pp. 4698602.1-4698602.6.

Efficacy of a Feed Dispenser for Horses in Decreasing Cribbing Behaviour

S. Mazzola
Primo
;
C. Palestrini
Secondo
;
S. Cannas;D. Vigo;M. Minero
Ultimo
2016-10

Abstract

Cribbing is an oral stereotypy, tends to develop in captive animals as a means to cope with stress, and may be indicative of reduced welfare.Highly energetic diets ingested in a short time are one of themost relevant risk factors for the development of cribbing. The aim of this study was to verify whether feeding cribbing horses through a dispenser that delivers small quantities of concentrate when activated by the animal decreases cribbing behaviour, modifies feeding behaviour, or induces frustration. Ten horses (mean age 14 y), balanced for sex, breed, and size (mean height 162 cm),were divided into two groups of 5 horses each: Cribbing and Control. Animals were trained to use the dispenser and videorecorded continuously for 15 consecutive days from 1 h prior to feeding to 2 h after feeding in order to measure their behaviours.The feed dispenser, Quaryka, induced an increase in time necessary to finish the ration in both groups of horses ( < 0.05). With Quaryka, cribbers showed a significant reduction of time spent cribbing ( < 0.05). After removal of the feed dispenser (Post-Quaryka), cribbing behaviour significantly increased. The use of Quaryka may be particularly beneficial in horses fed high-energy diets and ingesting the food too quickly.
horses; cribbing; stereotypy
Settore VET/02 - Fisiologia Veterinaria
Settore AGR/19 - Zootecnica Speciale
ott-2016
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/444378
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