Helium atom scattering (HAS) is the most important tool for surface science investigations. The analysis of helium scattering off a solid surface allows for a detailed analysis of its structural and dynamical properties. In this work we show how the dynamics of electron distributions at a metal surface can be investigated by HAS in the adiabatic approximation. First we examine the anticorrugating effect, namely the property of the He-surface potential of those metal systems in which the classical turning points of He beams are farther away from the surface layer at the bridge than at top sites. Anticorrugation for the system He/Cu(111) is examined in detail by a density functional theory (DFT) calculation and compared with the corrugating behaviour of He/Al(111). To explain such an effect the charge polarization of the system is crucial. Second we consider theoretically a surprising restricted diffusion result in the normal direction for Na adatoms on Cu(001) at coverages larger than 0.04ML, obtained by measurements with spin polarized 3He beams. From DFT calculations for this system a model for the description of the He-surface interaction based on the effective medium theory, which accounts for the observed phenomenon, is discussed. We show that the surface charge distribution probed by HAS is altered by the local concentration of the diffusing adatoms which is fluctuating with time and producing variations in the apparent height of the adatom measured by HAS. Our calculations demonstrate that such electronic dynamical rearrangements can be probed by the 3He spin echo technique, which could be extended to other studies of surface electronic properties.

Dynamics of electron distributions probed by helium scattering / M.I. Trioni, G. Fratesi, S. Achilli, G.P. Brivio. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. CONDENSED MATTER. - ISSN 0953-8984. - 21:26(2009), pp. 264003.1-264003.9. [10.1088/0953-8984/21/26/264003]

Dynamics of electron distributions probed by helium scattering

G. Fratesi
Secondo
;
S. Achilli
Penultimo
;
2009

Abstract

Helium atom scattering (HAS) is the most important tool for surface science investigations. The analysis of helium scattering off a solid surface allows for a detailed analysis of its structural and dynamical properties. In this work we show how the dynamics of electron distributions at a metal surface can be investigated by HAS in the adiabatic approximation. First we examine the anticorrugating effect, namely the property of the He-surface potential of those metal systems in which the classical turning points of He beams are farther away from the surface layer at the bridge than at top sites. Anticorrugation for the system He/Cu(111) is examined in detail by a density functional theory (DFT) calculation and compared with the corrugating behaviour of He/Al(111). To explain such an effect the charge polarization of the system is crucial. Second we consider theoretically a surprising restricted diffusion result in the normal direction for Na adatoms on Cu(001) at coverages larger than 0.04ML, obtained by measurements with spin polarized 3He beams. From DFT calculations for this system a model for the description of the He-surface interaction based on the effective medium theory, which accounts for the observed phenomenon, is discussed. We show that the surface charge distribution probed by HAS is altered by the local concentration of the diffusing adatoms which is fluctuating with time and producing variations in the apparent height of the adatom measured by HAS. Our calculations demonstrate that such electronic dynamical rearrangements can be probed by the 3He spin echo technique, which could be extended to other studies of surface electronic properties.
potential-energy surface; rare-gas atoms; metal-surfaces; he-scattering; spin-echo; diffraction; density; dependence; diffusion; binding
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/442469
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