In melanoma, the adaptative cell response to BRAF inhibitors includes altered patterns of cytokine production contributing to tumor progression and drug resistance. Among the factors produced by PLX4032-resistant melanoma cell lines, CCL2 was higher compared to the sensitive parental cell lines and increased upon drug treatment. CCL2 acted as an autocrine growth factor for melanoma cells, stimulating the proliferation and resistance to apoptosis. In patients, CCL2 is detected in melanoma cells in tumors and in plasma at levels that correlate with tumor burden and lactate dehydrogenase. Vemurafenib treatment increased the CCL2 levels in plasma, whereas the long-term clinical response was associated with low CCL2 levels. Increased CCL2 production was associated with miRNA deregulation in the resistant cells. miR-34a, miR-100 and miR-125b showed high expression in both resistant cells and in tumor biopsies that were obtained from treated patients, and they were involved in the control of cell proliferation and apoptosis. Inhibition of CCL2 and of the selected miRNAs restored both the cell apoptosis and the drug efficacy in resistant melanoma cells. Therefore, CCL2 and miRNAs are potential prognostic factors and attractive targets for counteracting treatment resistance in metastatic melanoma.
Overcoming melanoma resistance to vemurafenib by targeting CCL2-induced miR-34a, miR-100 and miR-125b / E. Vergani, L. Di Guardo, M. Dugo, S. Rigoletto, G. Tragni, R. Ruggeri, F. Perrone, E. Tamborini, A. Gloghini, F. Arienti, B. Vergani, P. Deho, L. De Cecco, V. Vallacchi, P. Frati, E. Shahaj, A. Villa, M. Santinami, F. De Braud, L. Rivoltini, M. Rodolfo. - In: ONCOTARGET. - ISSN 1949-2553. - 7:4(2016 Jan), pp. 4428-4441.
|Titolo:||Overcoming melanoma resistance to vemurafenib by targeting CCL2-induced miR-34a, miR-100 and miR-125b|
|Parole Chiave:||BRAF inhibitor; CCL2; drug resistance; melanoma; MiRNAs; oncology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.6599|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|