Fibroblast growth factor 9 (FGF9) has been suggested to act as an antidifferentiation factor in cattle by reducing steroidogenesis and increasing cell proliferation in granulosa (GC) and theca (TC) cells. The objective of this study was to characterize FGF9 mRNA abundance in GC and TC during development of dominant follicles in dairy cattle. Estrous cycles of nonlactating dairy cattle were synchronized, and ovaries were collected on either d 3 to 4 (n=8) or 5 to 6 (n=8) postovulation for GC and TC RNA extraction from small (1-5mm), medium (5.1-8mm), and large (8.1-18mm) follicles for PCR analysis. The FGF9 mRNA abundance was greater in GC than in TC. In GC, FGF9 mRNA abundance was greater in small, medium, and large estrogen-inactive [i.e., concentrations of estradiol (E2)<progesterone (P4)] follicles than in large E2-active (i.e., concentrations of E2>P4) follicles at both early (d 3-4) and late (d 5-6) growing phases of first dominant follicle. Abundance of FGF9 mRNA increased in medium-sized follicles from early to late growing phase of the dominant follicle. In TC, FGF9 mRNA abundance was greater in large E2-inactive follicles than in large E2-active follicles on d 3 to 4 postovulation; no significant differences in TC FGF9 mRNA existed among follicle types on d 5 to 6 postovulation. Correlations among levels of follicular fluid hormones and FGF9 mRNA levels revealed significant negative correlations between GC FGF9 mRNA abundance and follicular fluid E2 (r=-0.68), free IGF-1 (r=-0.63), and E2-to-P4 ratio (r=-0.58). In summary, abundance of FGF9 mRNA in GC and TC increases in medium-sized follicles during development of dominant follicles and is less in dominant E2-active than subordinate E2-inactive follicles, suggesting that FGF9 signaling could contribute to normal follicle development and steroidogenesis in dairy cattle.

Changes in fibroblast growth factor 9 mRNA in granulosa and theca cells during ovarian follicular growth in dairy cattle / L.F. Schütz, N.B. Schreiber, J.N. Gilliam, C. Cortinovis, M.L. Totty, F. Caloni, J.R. Evans, L.J. Spicer. - In: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE. - ISSN 0022-0302. - 99:11(2016 Nov), pp. 9143-9151. [10.3168/jds.2015-10667]

Changes in fibroblast growth factor 9 mRNA in granulosa and theca cells during ovarian follicular growth in dairy cattle

C. Cortinovis;F. Caloni;
2016-11

Abstract

Fibroblast growth factor 9 (FGF9) has been suggested to act as an antidifferentiation factor in cattle by reducing steroidogenesis and increasing cell proliferation in granulosa (GC) and theca (TC) cells. The objective of this study was to characterize FGF9 mRNA abundance in GC and TC during development of dominant follicles in dairy cattle. Estrous cycles of nonlactating dairy cattle were synchronized, and ovaries were collected on either d 3 to 4 (n=8) or 5 to 6 (n=8) postovulation for GC and TC RNA extraction from small (1-5mm), medium (5.1-8mm), and large (8.1-18mm) follicles for PCR analysis. The FGF9 mRNA abundance was greater in GC than in TC. In GC, FGF9 mRNA abundance was greater in small, medium, and large estrogen-inactive [i.e., concentrations of estradiol (E2)P4) follicles at both early (d 3-4) and late (d 5-6) growing phases of first dominant follicle. Abundance of FGF9 mRNA increased in medium-sized follicles from early to late growing phase of the dominant follicle. In TC, FGF9 mRNA abundance was greater in large E2-inactive follicles than in large E2-active follicles on d 3 to 4 postovulation; no significant differences in TC FGF9 mRNA existed among follicle types on d 5 to 6 postovulation. Correlations among levels of follicular fluid hormones and FGF9 mRNA levels revealed significant negative correlations between GC FGF9 mRNA abundance and follicular fluid E2 (r=-0.68), free IGF-1 (r=-0.63), and E2-to-P4 ratio (r=-0.58). In summary, abundance of FGF9 mRNA in GC and TC increases in medium-sized follicles during development of dominant follicles and is less in dominant E2-active than subordinate E2-inactive follicles, suggesting that FGF9 signaling could contribute to normal follicle development and steroidogenesis in dairy cattle.
fibroblast growth factor-9 (FGF9); follicle growth; granulosa cell; theca cell
Settore VET/07 - Farmacologia e Tossicologia Veterinaria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/440201
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