The aim of this study was to evaluate the cancer chemopreventive potential of the widely prescribed drug tibolone (17a-ethynyl-7a-methyl-5(10)-estren-3-one) (CAS 5630-53-5) and its main metabolites, 17a-ethynyl-7a-methyl-4-estren-3-one (CAS 1162-60-3), 17a-ethynyl-7a-methyl-5(10)-estren-3a,17b-diol (CAS 100239-44-9) and 17a-ethynyl-7a-methyl-5(10)-estren-3b,17b-diol (CAS 100239-45-0), by studying their anti-tumor-promoting activity. To this aim the test compounds were submitted to the short term in vitro assay for the inhibition of Epstein-Barr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation induced by the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) as a primary screening for anti-tumor-promoters. When tested all the compounds showed high inhibitory activity and low cytotoxicity as compared to literature data. To extend the study to an animal model, tibolone (CAS 5630-53-5) and its 3a-hydroxy metabolite (CAS 100239-44-9) were also assayed in the in vivo two-stage on mouse skin carcinogenesis test, exhibiting significant inhibitory effects on TPA promoted mouse skin papillomas formation. A comparison with literature data indicated them as more potent compounds than other steroids previously studied such as digitoxigenin (CAS 143-62-4), cortisone (CAS 53-06-5), hydrocortisone (CAS 50-23-7), and prednisolone (CAS 50-24-8).
|Titolo:||Anti-tumor-Promoting activity of tibolone and its metabolites|
COLOMBO, DIEGO RODOLFO (Primo)
FERRABOSCHI, PATRIZIA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||cancer chemoprevention ; Epstein-Barr virus ; progestins ; steroids ; TPA|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|