Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I antigens can act as signal-transducing molecules that influence individual reactivity to external stimuli and the existence of haplotype-specific cell signal regulation has been suggested. In this article, we provide definite experimental evidence for the existence of a HLA-B35 haplotype-specific regulation of cell apoptosis in different experimental models. First, we demonstrated that HLA-B35, but not other HLA-class I antigens, was associated with an increased cell susceptibility to apoptosis in human peripheral mononuclear cells (PBMCs) exposed in vitro to thapsigargin. Second, we confirmed this association in human ECV 304 cells transfected with HLA-B35 or with HLA-B8, an antigen that did not appear to influence the apoptosis rate in the thapsigargin-treated PBMCs. Third, we confirmed the specific influence of HLA-B35 on cell apoptosis in non human cells (i.e., HLA-B35-transfected NIH3T3 murine fibroblasts). Our data show the existence of HLA-B35 haplotype-specific regulation of cell apoptosis and open new perspectives on the role of HLA class I genes in cell activation and disease susceptibility.
|Titolo:||HLA-B35 influences the apoptosis rate in human peripheral blood mononucleated cells and HLA-transfected cells|
SCORZA, RAFFAELLA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Apoptosis; ECV304; HLA class I; HLA-B35; NIH3T3; PBMC; Taxol; thapsigargin|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humimm.2005.11.002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|