In this study, we demonstrate the protective effect of the activation of sodium-dependent glucose transporter-1 (SGLT-1) on damages induced by TLR ligands, in intestinal epithelial cells and in a murine model of septic shock. In intestinal epithelial cell lines, glucose inhibited the IL-8/keratinocyte-derived chemokine production and the activation of the TLR-related transcription factor NF-kappaB stimulated by LPS or CpG-oligodeoxynucleotide. Oral ingestion of glucose was found to protect 100% of mice from lethal endotoxic shock induced by i.p. LPS administration; protection was only observed when glucose was administered orally, not by i.p. route, suggesting the important role of intestinal epithelial cells in this protection. In addition, we observed that the in vivo protection depends on an increase of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10. The cornerstone of the observed immunomodulatory and life-saving effects resides in activation of SGLT-1; in fact, the glucose analog 3-O-methyl-d-gluco-pyranose, which induces the transporter activity, but is not metabolized, exerted the same inhibitory effects as glucose both in vitro and in vivo. Thus, we propose that activated SGLT-1, apart from its classical metabolic function, may be a promising target for inhibition of bacteria-induced inflammatory processes and life-saving treatments, assuming a novel role as an immunological player.
Sodium-dependent glucose transporter-1 as a novel immunological player in the intestinal mucosa / M. Palazzo, S. Gariboldi, L. Zanobbio, S. Selleri, G.F. Dusio, V. Mauro, A. Rossini, A. Balsari, C. Rumio. - In: JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-1767. - 181:5(2008), pp. 3126-3136.
|Titolo:||Sodium-dependent glucose transporter-1 as a novel immunological player in the intestinal mucosa|
PALAZZO, MARCO (Primo)
GARIBOLDI, SILVIA (Secondo)
BALSARI, ANDREA (Penultimo)
RUMIO, CRISTIANO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.181.5.3126|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|