Neem tree (Azadirachta indica) is a well-known source of natural extracts containing triterpenoids and other active substances with insecticides and miticides effects. In recent years, neem-derived products were tested for tolerability in honeybees and effects against varroa mites, with conflicting results due to the different characteristics of the extracts, dosages, test sites, and methods of application used for in vitro tests and in field trials (Melathopoulos et al., 2000; Gonzalez-Gomez et al., 2012; Anjum et al., 2015). The present study aimed to check, in suitable field conditions, the possible effects against varroa of a commercial preparation of neem oil for veterinary use (RP03 ™, Farmaneem, Italy). The tests were carried out in the years 2013-2014 in the same apiary. The product was applied prior or during the development cycle of the honeybee brood, and the following effects were evaluated: acaricide, repellent for the mite and / or disturbing the development of varroa. In addition, the tolerability of honeybee families to the product was assessed. This work allowed to verify in a meaningful way and in field conditions the interaction effects between neem oil and the Varroa mite developmental cycle. The results may encourage further studies in order to confirm the valuability of standardized neem oil preparations as additional tools in the current strategies for varroa control.

Effect of Neem (Azadirachtaindica) oil on varroa mite development in field conditions / M. Mortarino, M. Blonda, S. Zanzani, F. Dell'Orco, E. Facchini, R. Rizzi - In: The 7th European Conference of Apidology / [a cura di] D. Dezmirean. - Prima edizione. - Cluj-Napoca : Editura Academic Press, 2016 Sep. - ISBN 9789737445360. - pp. 118-118 (( Intervento presentato al 7. convegno European Congress of Apidology tenutosi a Cluj-Napoca nel 2016.

Effect of Neem (Azadirachtaindica) oil on varroa mite development in field conditions

M. Mortarino;S. Zanzani;F. Dell'Orco;E. Facchini;R. Rizzi
2016-09

Abstract

Neem tree (Azadirachta indica) is a well-known source of natural extracts containing triterpenoids and other active substances with insecticides and miticides effects. In recent years, neem-derived products were tested for tolerability in honeybees and effects against varroa mites, with conflicting results due to the different characteristics of the extracts, dosages, test sites, and methods of application used for in vitro tests and in field trials (Melathopoulos et al., 2000; Gonzalez-Gomez et al., 2012; Anjum et al., 2015). The present study aimed to check, in suitable field conditions, the possible effects against varroa of a commercial preparation of neem oil for veterinary use (RP03 ™, Farmaneem, Italy). The tests were carried out in the years 2013-2014 in the same apiary. The product was applied prior or during the development cycle of the honeybee brood, and the following effects were evaluated: acaricide, repellent for the mite and / or disturbing the development of varroa. In addition, the tolerability of honeybee families to the product was assessed. This work allowed to verify in a meaningful way and in field conditions the interaction effects between neem oil and the Varroa mite developmental cycle. The results may encourage further studies in order to confirm the valuability of standardized neem oil preparations as additional tools in the current strategies for varroa control.
honey bee; varroa; neem oil
Settore VET/06 - Parassitologia e Malattie Parassitarie degli Animali
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/437741
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