Retreatment of chronic hepatitis C patients nonresponders to interferon (IFN) alone with the standard dose of IFN [3 million units (MU) thrice weekly (TIW)] plus ribavirin for 24 weeks has yielded low sustained virological response (SVR), averaging 8%. The aim of the present, open-labelled, randomized study was to evaluate the efficacy of IFN induction therapy followed by prolonged high dose of IFN plus ribavirin in nonresponders. One hundred and fifty-one patients were randomized to receive 5 MU daily of IFN alfa-2b (group 1, n = 73) or 5 MU TIW of IFN alfa 2b (group 2, n = 78) for 4 weeks followed by IFN (5 MU TIW) plus ribavirin (1000/1200 mg/daily) for 48 weeks in both groups. In an intention-to-treat analysis, the sustained virological response (SVR) at 24-week follow-up was 33 and 23% for group 1 and 2, respectively (P = 0.17). The overall SVR was 52 and 18% in patients with genotype 2/3 and 1/ 4, respectively. Among genotype 1/4 patients the SVR was 29 and 11% for age younger or older than 40 years. Compared with genotype 2/3 patients, the risk (95% confidence interval) of nonresponse to retreatment was 3.0-fold (1.17-8.0) in younger genotype 1/4 patients and 8.4-fold (3.0-23.29) in older genotype 1/4 patients. In conclusion these results suggest that retreatment with a reinforced regimen should be focused in nonresponder genotype 2/3 patients and younger genotype 1/4 patients, who are most likely to benefit. Induction therapy does not improve SVR.
|Titolo:||A randomized trial of prolonged high dose of interferon plus ribavirin for hepatitis C patients nonresponders to interferon alone|
|Autori interni:||TAGGER, ALESSANDRO (Ultimo)|
|Parole Chiave:||Chronic hepatitis C; High dose interferon; Nonresponders to interferon; Prolonged therapy; Ribavirin|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/42 - Igiene Generale e Applicata|
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1365-2893.2004.00538.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|