In the present paper, the wettability of polyarylethersulfones (PESs) was promoted through the controlled introduction of sulfonic groups in PES polymeric chain. Homogeneous synthesis using a sulfonated comonomer introduced sulfonic groups while exerting a tight control over the degree of sulfonation (DS) and avoiding the undesired side reactions brought about by heterogeneous sulfonation reactions. A series of sulfonated polyarylethersulfones (SPESs) with very low amounts of sulfonic groups - 0.5, 0.75, and 1 meq SO3−*g−1 of polymer - was synthesized via polycondensation using 4,4’-difluorodiphenylsulfone, 4,4’-dihydroxydiphenyl and a sulfonated comonomer, 2,5-dihydroxybenzene-1-sulfonate potassium salt. The presence of sulfonic groups was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra; the macromolecular structure and the real DS of SPESs were determined by 1H NMR; the molecular weights were investigated by size exclusion chromatography (SEC); ion exchange capacity (IEC) values, measured by potentiometric titration, are in good agreement with the experimental DS. The polyelectrolyte effect was studied on intrinsic viscosity (IV) measurements. The effect of DS on the thermal properties of SPES membranes was studied by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC); wetting properties were characterized by static water contact angle (SWCA) measurements on membranes obtained via solution casting. The results showed that an increased DS results in higher glass transition temperatures (Tg) and lower water contact angles, the latter dropping from (Formula presented.) to (Formula presented.) as DS was raised from 0 to 1.0 meq SO3−*g−1. This work demonstrates that homogeneous synthesis of SPES is an efficient way to prepare SPES membranes with tightly controlled DS and enhanced hydrophilic properties, in particular, an excellent hydrophilic SWCA even at very low amounts of sulfonic moieties.
Homogeneous synthesis and characterization of sulfonated polyarylethersulfones having low degree of sulfonation and highly hydrophilic behavior / V. Sabatini, S. Checchia, H. Farina, M.A. Ortenzi. - In: MACROMOLECULAR RESEARCH. - ISSN 1598-5032. - 24:9(2016 Sep 25), pp. 800-810.
|Titolo:||Homogeneous synthesis and characterization of sulfonated polyarylethersulfones having low degree of sulfonation and highly hydrophilic behavior|
SABATINI, VALENTINA (Primo)
CHECCHIA, STEFANO (Secondo)
FARINA, HERMES (Penultimo)
ORTENZI, MARCO ALDO (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||homogeneous synthesis; hydrophilic membranes; sulfonated polyarylethersulfone; chemical engineering (all); organic chemistry; polymers and plastics; materials chemistry2506 metals and alloys|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/05 - Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali Polimerici|
|Data di pubblicazione:||25-set-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13233-016-4105-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|