Background: Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) have been advocated as potential mediators of unexplained female infertility, but no evidence has yet been raised to support such an association. Objectives: To test the hypothesis that aPL might interfere with uterine decidualization, a gene expression study was performed on decidual stromal cells treated with different aPL preparations. Methods: Decidual stromal cells were isolated from first trimester deciduas obtained from two women undergoing elective abortion, and treated with: (i) a beta 2GPI-dependent aPL monoclonal antibody (IS3); (ii) IS3 plus TIFI, a synthetic peptide mimicking PL-binding region of beta 2GPI; and (iii) IgG from healthy subjects (NHS). Gene expression data were acquired using human HT-12 v3 beadchip arrays (Illumina). Differential expression analysis was performed by fitting a gene-wise linear model using the treatment group and decidual source as covariates. Results: In the comparison of IS3 versus IgG NHS-treated decidual cells, gene ontology (GO) enrichment was expressed in terms relating to well-characterized aPL-mediated cellular effects: "inflammatory response," "immune response," "response to stress," "oxydoreductase activity," "metalloendopeptidase activity," and "cytokine/chemokine activity." As expected, almost all genes were up-regulated by IS3 treatment. The same GO categories appeared to be differentially expressed when IS3 treatment was compared to IS3 + TIFI, but with most genes being down-regulated. Conclusions: Given the inflammatory response evinced on gene expression analysis of decidual stromal cells treated with a beta 2GPI-dependent aPL monoclonal antibody, it is feasible that aPL might interfere with uterine decidualization, affecting the early stages of implantation and ultimately resulting in female infertility.

Antiphospholipid Antibodies and Infertility : A Gene Expression Study in Decidual Stromal Cells / C.B. Chighizola, F. Pregnolato, E. Raschi, C. Grossi, D. Gentilini, M.O. Borghi, P. Chen, P.L. Meroni. - In: ISRAEL MEDICAL ASSOCIATION JOURNAL. - ISSN 1565-1088. - 18:3-4(2016 Mar), pp. 146-149.

Antiphospholipid Antibodies and Infertility : A Gene Expression Study in Decidual Stromal Cells

C.B. Chighizola
Primo
;
E. Raschi;C. Grossi;D. Gentilini;M.O. Borghi;P.L. Meroni
2016-03

Abstract

Background: Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) have been advocated as potential mediators of unexplained female infertility, but no evidence has yet been raised to support such an association. Objectives: To test the hypothesis that aPL might interfere with uterine decidualization, a gene expression study was performed on decidual stromal cells treated with different aPL preparations. Methods: Decidual stromal cells were isolated from first trimester deciduas obtained from two women undergoing elective abortion, and treated with: (i) a beta 2GPI-dependent aPL monoclonal antibody (IS3); (ii) IS3 plus TIFI, a synthetic peptide mimicking PL-binding region of beta 2GPI; and (iii) IgG from healthy subjects (NHS). Gene expression data were acquired using human HT-12 v3 beadchip arrays (Illumina). Differential expression analysis was performed by fitting a gene-wise linear model using the treatment group and decidual source as covariates. Results: In the comparison of IS3 versus IgG NHS-treated decidual cells, gene ontology (GO) enrichment was expressed in terms relating to well-characterized aPL-mediated cellular effects: "inflammatory response," "immune response," "response to stress," "oxydoreductase activity," "metalloendopeptidase activity," and "cytokine/chemokine activity." As expected, almost all genes were up-regulated by IS3 treatment. The same GO categories appeared to be differentially expressed when IS3 treatment was compared to IS3 + TIFI, but with most genes being down-regulated. Conclusions: Given the inflammatory response evinced on gene expression analysis of decidual stromal cells treated with a beta 2GPI-dependent aPL monoclonal antibody, it is feasible that aPL might interfere with uterine decidualization, affecting the early stages of implantation and ultimately resulting in female infertility.
adult; antibodies, antiphospholipid; antibodies, monoclonal; cells, cultured; contraceptive agents, female; down-regulation; estradiol; estrogens; female; gene expression profiling; humans; immunologic factors; medroxyprogesterone acetate; pregnancy; treatment outcome; decidua; infertility, female; stromal cells; beta 2-glycoprotein I
Settore MED/16 - Reumatologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/428823
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