This study analyses depressed fractures (by blunt force trauma) and circular full-thickness injuries (drill injuries and gunshot wounds) in charred bones. Fifty bovine ribs (total 104 lesions) were divided into three groups. The first group consisted in 20 depressed hammer-produced fractures; in the second one, 60 round drill-holes were produced (30 circular, 30 semicircular); in the third group, 12 fleshed and 12 skeletonized ribs were hit by 9-mm bullets. Each specimen was carbonized in an electric oven up to 800°C. Morphological and metric analyses were performed before and after: morphological features were preserved, but depressed fractures showed an increase in their dimensions (p-value < 0.05); the drilled holes shrunk (p-value < 0.01); the charring cycle increased the number of fractures in samples with gunshot wounds differently in fleshed and defleshed ribs. This study showed the complex behavior of charred bone, for what concerns the interpretation of trauma and how caution should be applied.
The Erratic Behavior of Lesions in Burnt Bone / F. Collini, A. Amadasi, A. Mazzucchi, D. Porta, V.L. Regazzola, P. Garofalo, A. Di Blasio, C. Cattaneo. - In: JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES. - ISSN 0022-1198. - 60:5(2015), pp. 1290-1294.
|Titolo:||The Erratic Behavior of Lesions in Burnt Bone|
COLLINI, FEDERICA (Corresponding)
AMADASI, ALBERTO (Secondo)
CATTANEO, CRISTINA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Blunt force trauma; Burning; Carbonization; Forensic pathology; Forensic science; Gunshot wounds; Animals; Cattle; Fires; Forensic Anthropology; Fractures, Bone; Models, Animal; Ribs; Wounds, Penetrating; Hot Temperature; 2734; Genetics; Medicine (all)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/43 - Medicina Legale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.12794|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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