Background: Craniofacial growth changes in young children are not yet completely understood. Up-to-date references for craniofacial measurements are crucial for clinical assessment of orthodontic anomalies, craniofacial abnormalities and subsequent planning of interventions. Aim: To provide normal reference data and to identify growth patterns for craniofacial dimensions of European boys and girls aged 3–6 years. Subjects and methods: Using standard anthropometric methodology, body weight, body height and 23 craniofacial measurements were acquired for a cross-sectional sample of 681 healthy children (362 boys and 319 girls) aged 3–6 years from Germany, Italy and Lithuania. Descriptive statistics, correlation coefficients, percentage annual changes and percentage growth rates were used to analyse the dataset. Results: Between the ages of 3–6 years, craniofacial measurements showed age- and sex-related patterns independent from patterns observed for body weight and body height. Sex-related differences were observed in the majority of craniofacial measurements. In both sexes, face heights and face depths showed the strongest correlation with age. Growth patterns differed by craniofacial measurement and can be summarised into eight distinct age- and sex-related patterns. Conclusion: This study provided reference data and identified sex- and age-related growth patterns of the craniofacial complex of young European children, which may be used for detailed assessment of normal growth in paediatrics, maxillofacial reconstructive surgery and possibly for forensic age assessment.

Age- and sex-related growth patterns of the craniofacial complex in European children aged 3–6 years / J. Tutkuviene, C. Cattaneo, Z. Obertová, M. Ratnayake, P. Poppa, A. Barkus, K. Khalaj Hedayati, I. Schroeder, S. Ritz Timme. - In: ANNALS OF HUMAN BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0301-4460. - 43:6(2016 Nov), pp. 510-519. [10.3109/03014460.2015.1106584]

Age- and sex-related growth patterns of the craniofacial complex in European children aged 3–6 years

C. Cattaneo;Z. Obertová;P. Poppa;
2016-11

Abstract

Background: Craniofacial growth changes in young children are not yet completely understood. Up-to-date references for craniofacial measurements are crucial for clinical assessment of orthodontic anomalies, craniofacial abnormalities and subsequent planning of interventions. Aim: To provide normal reference data and to identify growth patterns for craniofacial dimensions of European boys and girls aged 3–6 years. Subjects and methods: Using standard anthropometric methodology, body weight, body height and 23 craniofacial measurements were acquired for a cross-sectional sample of 681 healthy children (362 boys and 319 girls) aged 3–6 years from Germany, Italy and Lithuania. Descriptive statistics, correlation coefficients, percentage annual changes and percentage growth rates were used to analyse the dataset. Results: Between the ages of 3–6 years, craniofacial measurements showed age- and sex-related patterns independent from patterns observed for body weight and body height. Sex-related differences were observed in the majority of craniofacial measurements. In both sexes, face heights and face depths showed the strongest correlation with age. Growth patterns differed by craniofacial measurement and can be summarised into eight distinct age- and sex-related patterns. Conclusion: This study provided reference data and identified sex- and age-related growth patterns of the craniofacial complex of young European children, which may be used for detailed assessment of normal growth in paediatrics, maxillofacial reconstructive surgery and possibly for forensic age assessment.
children; Craniofacial anthropometry; Europe; growth; norm; Genetics; Physiology; Aging; Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health; Epidemiology
Settore MED/43 - Medicina Legale
10-nov-2015
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
03014460.2015.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 750.36 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
750.36 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/426351
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 12
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact