Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) showed a lower prevalence of cigarette smoking compared to other psychiatric disorders in previous and recent reports. We assessed the prevalence and clinical correlates of the phenomenon in an international sample of 504 OCD patients recruited through the International College of Obsessive Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS) network. Cigarette smoking showed a cross-sectional prevalence of 24.4% in the sample, with significant differences across countries. Females were more represented among smoking patients (16% vs 7%; p<.001). Patients with comorbid Tourette's syndrome (p<.05) and tic disorder (p<.05) were also more represented among smoking subjects. Former smokers reported a higher number of suicide attempts (p<.05). We found a lower cross-sectional prevalence of smoking among OCD patients compared to findings from previous studies in patients with other psychiatric disorders but higher compared to previous and more recent OCD studies. Geographic differences were found and smoking was more common in females and comorbid Tourette's syndrome/tic disorder.
Cigarette smoking in patients with obsessive compulsive disorder : a report from the International College of Obsessive Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS) / B. Dell'Osso, H. Nicolini, N. Lanzagorta, B. Benatti, G. Spagnolin, M.C. Palazzo, D. Marazziti, E. Hollander, N. Fineberg, D.J. Stein, S. Pallanti, M. Van Ameringen, C. Lochner, G. Hranov, O. Karamustafalioglu, L. Hranov, J. Zohar, D. Denys, A. Altamura, J.M. Menchon. - In: CNS SPECTRUMS. - ISSN 1092-8529. - 20:5(2015 Oct), pp. 469-473.
|Titolo:||Cigarette smoking in patients with obsessive compulsive disorder : a report from the International College of Obsessive Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (ICOCS)|
DELL'OSSO, BERNARDO MARIA (Primo)
ALTAMURA, ALFREDO CARLO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||cigarette smoking; comorbidity; gender; obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD); prevalence|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1092852915000565|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|