In mammals, oocyte acquires a series of competencies sequentially during folliculogenesis that play critical roles at fertilization and early stages of embryonic development. In mouse, chromatin in germinal vesicle (GV) undergoes dynamic changes during oocyte growth and its progressive condensation has been related to the achievement of developmental potential. Cumulus cells are essential for the acquisition of meiotic competence and play a role in chromatin remodeling during oocyte growth. This study is aimed to characterize the chromatin configuration of growing and fully grown bovine oocytes, the status of communications between oocyte and cumulus cells and oocyte developmental potential. Following nuclear staining, we identified four discrete stages of GV, characterized by an increase of chromatin condensation. GV0 stage represented 82% of growing oocytes and it was absent in fully grown oocytes. GV1, GV2, and GV3 represented, respectively, 24, 31, and 45% of fully grown oocytes. Our data indicated a moderate but significant increase in oocyte diameter between GV0 and GV3 stage. By dye coupling assay the 98% of GV0 oocytes showed fully open communications while the number of oocytes with functionally closed communications with cumulus cells was significantly higher in GV3 group than GV1 and GV2. However, GV0 oocytes were unable to progress through metaphase II while GV2 and GV3 showed the highest developmental capability. We conclude that in bovine, the progressive chromatin condensation is related to the sequential achievement of meiotic and embryonic developmental competencies during oocyte growth and differentiation. Moreover, gap-junction-mediated communications between oocyte and cumulus cells could be implicated in modulating the chromatin remodeling process.
|Titolo:||Large-scale chromatin remodeling in germinal vesicle bovine oocytes: interplay with gap junction functionality and developmental competence|
|Autori interni:||LUCIANO, ALBERTO MARIA (Corresponding)|
MODINA, SILVIA CLOTILDE (Secondo)
FRANCIOSI, FEDERICA (Penultimo)
LODDE, VALENTINA (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||oocyte; germinal vesicle; gap junctions; developmental competence; chromatin|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Data ahead of print:||30-ott-2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/mrd.20639|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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