BACKGROUND: In recent years, an increasing number of cases of canine dirofilariasis have been reported worldwide. However, the rate of infection in dogs is largely unknown in many remote areas, and the importance of field studies for determination of the prevalence of canine dirofilariasis in such areas is well recognized. The detection of microfilariae by the modified Knott's test (MKT) is a recommended screening method for canine dirofilariasis. OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to compare the diagnostic sensitivity of the MKT with the buffy coat smear method (BCS), and to evaluate the utility of these 2 methods under field study conditions. METHODS: One hundred and fifty dogs of the Maio Island of Republic of Cabo Verde, were screened for microfilariae using MKT and BCS. The results of the 2 methods were generated in a blinded manner and statistically compared. RESULTS: The detection rate was 4.67% with the MKT and 5.33% with BCS, which is statistically not different. The latter allowed a morphologic identification of Dirofilaria repens (later confirmed by molecular biology methods) and an estimation of parasite load, which varied from 15 to 185 microfilariae/mL. CONCLUSIONS: The methods MKT and BCS were comparable in terms of diagnostic sensitivity. However, the BCS was technically less demanding and produced permanent preparations, in which co-infection with other hematologic pathogens can easily be assessed. Overall, this method is well suited to assess microfilariae in a large number of animals, and it could replace the MKT in studies devoted to dirofilariasis.
Buffy coat smear or Knott's test : which to choose for canine microfilaria screening in field studies? / R. Marcos, C. Pereira, M. Santos, C. Luzzago, S. Lauzi, J.P. Maia, A. Faustino, P. Puente Payo. - In: VETERINARY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0275-6382. - 45:1(2016 Mar), pp. 201-205.
|Titolo:||Buffy coat smear or Knott's test : which to choose for canine microfilaria screening in field studies?|
|Parole Chiave:||canine; diagnostic sensitivity; diroﬁlariasis; microﬁlaria; prevalence|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/06 - Parassitologia e Malattie Parassitarie degli Animali|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vcp.12321|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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