During mastitis and other bacterial-mediated diseases of cattle, neutrophils play a critical role in the host innate immune response to infection. Neutrophils are among the earliest leukocytes recruited to the site of infection and contribute to host innate immune defenses through their ability to phagocytose and kill bacteria. The bactericidal activity of neutrophils is mediated, in part, through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Extracellular release of ROS can induce injury to host tissue as well, and aberrant release of ROS has been implicated in the pathogenesis of certain inflammatory-mediated diseases. Due to their essential role in bacterial clearance and implicated involvement in the pathogenesis of other diseases, there is much interest in the study of neutrophil-generated ROS. Several assays have been developed to measure ROS production, however, many of these have not been evaluated with bovine neutrophils. The objectives of the current study were to evaluate different assays capable of measuring bovine neutrophil ROS, and to compare the results of assays never previously tested with bovine neutrophils to those obtained from more well-established assays frequently used with these cells. Eight different assays were evaluated, including: luminol, isoluminol, and methyl cypridina luciferin analog (MCLA) chemiluminescence assays; Amplex Red, dihydroethidium (DHE), dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (CM-H(2)DCFDA), and dihydrorhodamine 123 fluorescence assays; and the cytochrome c absorbance assay. The assays were evaluated in the context of their abilities to detect ROS produced in response to two agonists commonly used to induce neutrophil activation, phorbol 12-myristate, 13-acetate (PMA) and opsonized zymosan. Diphenyleneiodonium chloride, a NADPH oxidase inhibitor, was used to assess the specificity of the assays to detect ROS. The ability of these assays to discriminate between intra- and extracellular ROS and to specifically detect distinct ROS was evaluated using superoxide dismutase and catalase, which scavenge extracellular superoxide and hydrogen peroxide, respectively. With the exception of the DHE assay, all assays detected bovine neutrophil ROS generation elicited by PMA and zymosan. PMA, but not zymosan, was able to stimulate neutrophil generation of ROS at levels that were detectable with DHE. The MCLA chemiluminescence assay was the only assay that detected ROS produced in response to each of the lowest concentrations of PMA and zymosan tested. To our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate DHE-, MCLA-, Amplex Red-, and isoluminol-based assays for the measurement of bovine neutrophil ROS, and the most comprehensive comparative study of ROS assays under similar experimental conditions.

Evaluation of assays for the measurement of bovine neutrophil reactive oxygen species / M. Rinaldi, P. Moroni, M. Paape, D. Bannerman. - In: VETERINARY IMMUNOLOGY AND IMMUNOPATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0165-2427. - 115:1-2(2007), pp. 107-125.

Evaluation of assays for the measurement of bovine neutrophil reactive oxygen species

RINALDI, MANUELA;P. Moroni;
2007

Abstract

During mastitis and other bacterial-mediated diseases of cattle, neutrophils play a critical role in the host innate immune response to infection. Neutrophils are among the earliest leukocytes recruited to the site of infection and contribute to host innate immune defenses through their ability to phagocytose and kill bacteria. The bactericidal activity of neutrophils is mediated, in part, through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Extracellular release of ROS can induce injury to host tissue as well, and aberrant release of ROS has been implicated in the pathogenesis of certain inflammatory-mediated diseases. Due to their essential role in bacterial clearance and implicated involvement in the pathogenesis of other diseases, there is much interest in the study of neutrophil-generated ROS. Several assays have been developed to measure ROS production, however, many of these have not been evaluated with bovine neutrophils. The objectives of the current study were to evaluate different assays capable of measuring bovine neutrophil ROS, and to compare the results of assays never previously tested with bovine neutrophils to those obtained from more well-established assays frequently used with these cells. Eight different assays were evaluated, including: luminol, isoluminol, and methyl cypridina luciferin analog (MCLA) chemiluminescence assays; Amplex Red, dihydroethidium (DHE), dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (CM-H(2)DCFDA), and dihydrorhodamine 123 fluorescence assays; and the cytochrome c absorbance assay. The assays were evaluated in the context of their abilities to detect ROS produced in response to two agonists commonly used to induce neutrophil activation, phorbol 12-myristate, 13-acetate (PMA) and opsonized zymosan. Diphenyleneiodonium chloride, a NADPH oxidase inhibitor, was used to assess the specificity of the assays to detect ROS. The ability of these assays to discriminate between intra- and extracellular ROS and to specifically detect distinct ROS was evaluated using superoxide dismutase and catalase, which scavenge extracellular superoxide and hydrogen peroxide, respectively. With the exception of the DHE assay, all assays detected bovine neutrophil ROS generation elicited by PMA and zymosan. PMA, but not zymosan, was able to stimulate neutrophil generation of ROS at levels that were detectable with DHE. The MCLA chemiluminescence assay was the only assay that detected ROS produced in response to each of the lowest concentrations of PMA and zymosan tested. To our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate DHE-, MCLA-, Amplex Red-, and isoluminol-based assays for the measurement of bovine neutrophil ROS, and the most comprehensive comparative study of ROS assays under similar experimental conditions.
Bovine; Cattle; Leukocyte; Neutrophil; Reactive oxygen species; Respiratory burst
Settore VET/05 - Malattie Infettive degli Animali Domestici
VETERINARY IMMUNOLOGY AND IMMUNOPATHOLOGY
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/42197
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 17
  • Scopus 72
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 68
social impact