Recently, many papers have shown that tumor vascularization can be explained by angiogenesis, recruitment, cooption, vasculogenic mimicry and by mosaic vessels. In particular, vasculogenic mimicry seems to be different from mosaic blood vessels, where tumor cells form a part of the surface of the vessel while the remaining part is covered by endothelium. In this case, tumor cells in apparent contact with the lumen do not show an endothelial phenotype. More recently, vasculogenic mimicry was proposed to occur in patients with multiple myeloma due to bone marrow macrophages. Herein, all these data are, for the first time, discussed critically in comparison to cancer stem cells—which show high trans-differentiative capacity—and bone-marrow derived stem cells. In fact, the presence of alternative vasculogenic patterns might be due to the presence of stem cell population (cancer stem cells or bone-marrow stem cells). In this connection, the literature is discussed extensively and possible models are proposed. Pharmacological perspectives will also discuss.
|Titolo:||Targeting cancer stem cells to modulate alternative vascularization mechanisms|
|Autori interni:||LA PORTA, CATERINA (Ultimo)|
MONZANI, ELENA (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Cancer stem cell; Endothelial progenitor cells; Melanoma; Vascularization; Vasculogenic mimicry|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s12015-008-9009-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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