We address the problem of continuous-variable quantum phase estimation in the presence of linear disturbance at the Hamiltonian level by means of Gaussian probe states. In particular we discuss both unitary and random disturbance by considering the parameter which characterizes the unwanted linear term present in the Hamiltonian as fixed (unitary disturbance) or random with a given probability distribution (random disturbance). We derive the optimal input Gaussian states at fixed energy, maximizing the quantum Fisher information over the squeezing angle and the squeezing energy fraction, and we discuss the scaling of the quantum Fisher information in terms of the output number of photons, nout. We observe that, in the case of unitary disturbance, the optimal state is a squeezed vacuum state and the quadratic scaling is conserved. As regards the random disturbance, we observe that the optimal squeezing fraction may not be equal to one and, for any nonzero value of the noise parameter, the quantum Fisher information scales linearly with the average number of photons. Finally, we discuss the performance of homodyne measurement by comparing the achievable precision with the ultimate limit imposed by the quantum Cramér-Rao bound.
Continuous-variable phase estimation with unitary and random linear disturbance / D. Delgado De Souza, M.G. Genoni, M.S. Kim. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW A. - ISSN 1050-2947. - 90:4(2014 Oct 27), pp. 042119.1-042119.7.
|Titolo:||Continuous-variable phase estimation with unitary and random linear disturbance|
GENONI, MARCO GIOVANNI (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia|
Settore FIS/02 - Fisica Teorica, Modelli e Metodi Matematici
|Data di pubblicazione:||27-ott-2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.90.042119|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|