Bone marrow stromal microenvironment is essential for the maintenance of the hematopoietic stem cell renewal both by cell-cell interaction and cytokine production. However, stromal cells also exhibit drug metabolizing activities and they may accumulate the drug and successively affect hematopoietic progenitors by a retarded release. Our study investigated the role of both primary culture of murine bone marrow stroma and established stromal cells (SR-4987) in modulating the "in vitro" toxic activity of Doxorubicin (DXR) against murine granulocyte-macrophage progenitors (CFU-GM). The main part of the study has been performed by a "in vitro" agar bilayer technique based on the CFU-GM assay performed over a feederlayer of stromal cells. The results suggest that bone marrow stromal cells play also an important role in decreasing the toxicity of Doxorubicin. Further SR-4987 stromal cells produce a Doxorubicin metabolite (not belonging to the series of metabolites described in literature) which is completely ineffective in inhibiting the growth of CFU-GM and the activity of topoisomerase I. Our data suggest that bone marrow stromal cells must be considered as a cell population having opposite pharmacological roles in modulating the drug toxicity on hematopoietic progenitors. In our model a mechanism of detoxification concerns the capacity of SR-4987 stromal cells to inactivate the drug. For a better prediction of drug hematotoxicity, it is very important to develop "in vitro" cell models able to discriminate between positive and negative modulation of drug toxicity that stromal cells can exert in the bone marrow microenvironment.
|Titolo:||Role of SR-4987 stromal cells in the modulation of Doxorubicin toxicity to in vitro granulocyte-macrophage progenitors (GM-CFU)|
|Autori interni:||PESSINA, AUGUSTO (Primo)|
RAIMONDI, ALESSANDRO (Ultimo)
NERI, MARIA GRAZIA (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||CFU-GM; Doxorubicin; SR-4987 cells; Stromal cells|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0024-3205(99)00272-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
File in questo prodotto:
- PubMed Central loading...