Pre-term infants frequently experience difficulties in attaining independent oral feeding, thus delaying the achievement of an adequate nutritional status and hospital discharge. The aim of this retrospective, single-centre, observational study was to investigate the effect of co-morbidities on the timing of the achievement of full oral feeding in pre-term infants. The neonatal and feeding data of 84 infants born at a gestational age of <32 weeks were collected, and the effect of co-morbidities on the achievement of feeding independence was evaluated using multiple linear regression analysis. The mean postmenstrual age at the time of the achievement of full oral feeding was 36.7±3.68 weeks (range 33-53) weeks. The multiple linear regression analysis showed that a low birth weight, the occurrence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and the need for gastrointestinal surgical procedures were independently associated with a higher postmenstrual age at achievement of full oral feedings.
Effect of co-morbidities on the development of oral feeding ability in pre-term infants : a retrospective study / M.L. Giannì, P. Sannino, E. Bezze, L. Plevani, N. Di Cugno, P. Roggero, D. Consonni, F. Mosca. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 5(2015 Nov), pp. 16603.1-16603.8.
|Titolo:||Effect of co-morbidities on the development of oral feeding ability in pre-term infants : a retrospective study|
GIANNI', MARIA LORELLA (Corresponding)
SANNINO, PATRIZIO (Secondo)
MOSCA, FABIO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep16603|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|