Pre-term infants frequently experience difficulties in attaining independent oral feeding, thus delaying the achievement of an adequate nutritional status and hospital discharge. The aim of this retrospective, single-centre, observational study was to investigate the effect of co-morbidities on the timing of the achievement of full oral feeding in pre-term infants. The neonatal and feeding data of 84 infants born at a gestational age of <32 weeks were collected, and the effect of co-morbidities on the achievement of feeding independence was evaluated using multiple linear regression analysis. The mean postmenstrual age at the time of the achievement of full oral feeding was 36.7±3.68 weeks (range 33-53) weeks. The multiple linear regression analysis showed that a low birth weight, the occurrence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and the need for gastrointestinal surgical procedures were independently associated with a higher postmenstrual age at achievement of full oral feedings.

Effect of co-morbidities on the development of oral feeding ability in pre-term infants : a retrospective study / M.L. Giannì, P. Sannino, E. Bezze, L. Plevani, N. Di Cugno, P. Roggero, D. Consonni, F. Mosca. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 5(2015 Nov), pp. 16603.1-16603.8. [10.1038/srep16603]

Effect of co-morbidities on the development of oral feeding ability in pre-term infants : a retrospective study

M.L. Giannì;P. Sannino;E. Bezze;L. Plevani;F. Mosca
2015-11

Abstract

Pre-term infants frequently experience difficulties in attaining independent oral feeding, thus delaying the achievement of an adequate nutritional status and hospital discharge. The aim of this retrospective, single-centre, observational study was to investigate the effect of co-morbidities on the timing of the achievement of full oral feeding in pre-term infants. The neonatal and feeding data of 84 infants born at a gestational age of <32 weeks were collected, and the effect of co-morbidities on the achievement of feeding independence was evaluated using multiple linear regression analysis. The mean postmenstrual age at the time of the achievement of full oral feeding was 36.7±3.68 weeks (range 33-53) weeks. The multiple linear regression analysis showed that a low birth weight, the occurrence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and the need for gastrointestinal surgical procedures were independently associated with a higher postmenstrual age at achievement of full oral feedings.
Multidisciplinary
Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/415757
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