The arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR) mediates the adverse effects of dioxin-like compounds. However, it has also been reported that the AhR may exert a role in ovarian physiology. In the present study, porcine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were matured in vitro in the presence of 10% follicular fluid. Expression of AhR and its partner, AhR nuclear translocator occurs in immature COCs. After in vitro maturation (IVM), an up-regulation of AhR and cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1; the main AhR-target gene) was observed. To explore the role of the AhR during IVM, we exposed the COCs to 50 microM beta-napthoflavone (betaNF). The treatment induced a marked up-regulation of CYP1A1 mRNA, indicating both constitutive and inducible AhR activity. However, in contrast to what was observed in other cell types, no sign of toxicity was observed in COCs. To investigate if components of porcine follicular fluid may exert a protective role against AhR ligands, we exposed porcine COCs to betaNF, in the absence of follicular fluid. In these conditions, a marked decrease in the percentage of matured oocytes, concomitant with an increase in oocyte degeneration, was observed. Furthermore, betaNF increased apoptosis in cumulus cells in the absence of follicular fluid, whereas betaNF has no effects when COCs were treated in the presence of porcine follicular fluid (pFF). In conclusion, these results suggest the presence of unknown endogenous AhR-ligand(s) during porcine IVM and that a dysregulation of this mechanism may result in ovotoxicity by inducing apoptosis in cumulus cells. However, this phenomenon is interrupted by the presence of follicular fluid, indicating a putative protective role for follicular fluid components against exogenous insults.
|Titolo:||Regulation of aryl hydrocarbon receptor activity in porcine cumulus-oocyte complexes in physiological and toxicological conditions : the role of follicular fluid|
POCAR, PAOLA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||aryl hydrocarbon receptor ; in vitro oocyte maturation ; porcine ; beta-naphtoflavone|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1530/REP-06-0246|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|