In the panorama of the numerous established cell lines, the human keratinocyte line HaCaT has a very interesting feature, having a close similarity in functional competence to normal keratinocytes. This cell line has been used in many studies as a paradigm for epidermal cells and therefore we selected HaCaT as a cell model for investigating the activity of three antitopoisomerase drugs (Camptothecin, Doxorubicin, Ciprofloxacin) on in vitro cell growth. The effect was evaluated both by a 24-h cytotoxicity test and by a 7-day antiproliferation assay, in which the cell viability was assessed by an MTT (3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl) 2,5-diphenil-2-H-tetrazolium bromide) test. DNA topoisomerase I was also partially purified from a nuclear extract of HaCaT cells, the level of topo I catalytic activity was measured by a pBR322 DNA relaxation assay and then the in vitro effect of antitopoisomerase drugs on the target enzyme was also assessed. The results indicated that the in vitro sensitivity of human epidermal HaCaT cells to antitopoisomerase drugs is comparable to that of many human tumour cell lines. HaCaT cells express a high level of topoisomerase I activity that is significantly inhibited by both Camptothecin and Doxorubicin and to a minor degree by Ciprofloxacin. A high correlation between the cell sensitivity to the antitopoisomerase I drug measured by the MTT test and the in vitro direct inhibition of HaCaT topoisomerase I was observed, suggesting that HaCaT cells can represent a very interesting model both for studying cellular pharmacokinetics of antineoplastic drugs on keratinocytes and for predicting possible secondary effects, exerted by these drugs on cutaneous cells, during treatment with chemotherapy.

High sensitivity of human epidermal keratinocytes (HaCaT) to topoisomerase inhibitors / A. Pessina, A. Raimondi, A. Cerri, M. Piccirillo, M.G. Neri, C. Croera, P. Foti, E. Berti. - In: CELL PROLIFERATION. - ISSN 0960-7722. - 34:4(2001 Aug), pp. 243-252.

High sensitivity of human epidermal keratinocytes (HaCaT) to topoisomerase inhibitors

A. Pessina;RAIMONDI, ALESSANDRO;A. Cerri;NERI, MARIA GRAZIA;CROERA, CRISTINA;E. Berti
2001-08

Abstract

In the panorama of the numerous established cell lines, the human keratinocyte line HaCaT has a very interesting feature, having a close similarity in functional competence to normal keratinocytes. This cell line has been used in many studies as a paradigm for epidermal cells and therefore we selected HaCaT as a cell model for investigating the activity of three antitopoisomerase drugs (Camptothecin, Doxorubicin, Ciprofloxacin) on in vitro cell growth. The effect was evaluated both by a 24-h cytotoxicity test and by a 7-day antiproliferation assay, in which the cell viability was assessed by an MTT (3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl) 2,5-diphenil-2-H-tetrazolium bromide) test. DNA topoisomerase I was also partially purified from a nuclear extract of HaCaT cells, the level of topo I catalytic activity was measured by a pBR322 DNA relaxation assay and then the in vitro effect of antitopoisomerase drugs on the target enzyme was also assessed. The results indicated that the in vitro sensitivity of human epidermal HaCaT cells to antitopoisomerase drugs is comparable to that of many human tumour cell lines. HaCaT cells express a high level of topoisomerase I activity that is significantly inhibited by both Camptothecin and Doxorubicin and to a minor degree by Ciprofloxacin. A high correlation between the cell sensitivity to the antitopoisomerase I drug measured by the MTT test and the in vitro direct inhibition of HaCaT topoisomerase I was observed, suggesting that HaCaT cells can represent a very interesting model both for studying cellular pharmacokinetics of antineoplastic drugs on keratinocytes and for predicting possible secondary effects, exerted by these drugs on cutaneous cells, during treatment with chemotherapy.
Settore MED/35 - Malattie Cutanee e Veneree
Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/41409
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