Background: Recent data highlighted the role of nuclear receptors in the transcriptional regulation of the limiting enzyme of bile acid synthesis, cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase, in cellular and animal models. This study was designed to analyze the effects of age on cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase and related nuclear receptor expression in human livers. Design: Surgical liver biopsies were obtained in 23 patients requiring operation on the gastrointestinal tract. mRNA levels of cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase and related nuclear receptors and co-activators were assayed by quantitative real-time RT-PCR. Serum levels of 7α-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one, a marker of bile acid synthesis, were assayed by gas-liquid chromatography:mass spectrometry. Results: Ageing was inversely correlated with serum 7α-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one and with cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase mRNA levels (r = -0.44 and r = -0.45 on a semi-log scale, respectively, P < 0.05). Among different nuclear factors, cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase mRNA best correlated with hepatocyte nuclear factor-4 (r = 0.55 on a log scale, P < 0.05); hepatocyte nuclear factor-4 levels were also inversely correlated with age (r = -0.64 on a semi-log scale, P < 0.05). Age was inversely correlated with serum insulin-like growth factor-I levels, which were directly correlated with hepatocyte nuclear factor-4 and cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase expression. No suppressive effect of short heterodimer partner expression on cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase was observed. Conclusions: Ageing associates with reduced bile acid synthesis, possibly related to decreased hepatic expression of hepatocyte nuclear factor-4 and consequently of cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase. Age-related modifications of the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor axis might play a role. These findings may help to elucidate the pathophysiology of age-related modifications of cholesterol metabolism.
|Titolo:||Age-related changes in bile acid synthesis and hepatic nuclear receptor expression|
|Parole Chiave:||Ageing; Bile acid synthesis; Cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase; Hepatocyte nuclear factor-4; Insulin-like growth factor-I; Nuclear receptors|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1365-2362.2007.01808.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|